Kimberly A . Kelly

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BACKGROUND Noninvasive imaging of adhesion molecules such as vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) may identify early stages of inflammation in atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that a novel, second-generation VCAM-1-targeted agent with enhanced affinity had sufficient sensitivity to enable real-time detection of VCAM-1 expression in experimental(More)
We have examined the activity of a new member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family identified through Expressed Sequence Tag database searching using TNFalpha protein as the search query. We have termed this protein TNF-related death ligand-la (TRDL-1alpha). Traditional cDNA library screening identified two additional splice variants designated(More)
Endothelial vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) is a critical component of the leukocyte-endothelial adhesion cascade, and its strict temporal and spatial regulation make it an ideal target for imaging and therapy. The goal of this study was to develop novel VCAM-1-targeted imaging agents detectable by MRI and fluorescence imaging using phage(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to iteratively develop and validate an (18)F-labeled small vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 affinity ligand and demonstrate the feasibility of imaging VCAM-1 expression by positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) in murine atherosclerotic arteries. BACKGROUND Hybrid PET-CT imaging allows(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) carries an extremely poor prognosis, typically presenting with metastasis at the time of diagnosis and exhibiting profound resistance to existing therapies. The development of molecular markers and imaging probes for incipient PDAC would enable earlier detection and guide the development of interventive(More)
Nanomaterials with precise biological functions have considerable potential for use in biomedical applications. Here we investigate whether multivalent attachment of small molecules can increase specific binding affinity and reveal new biological properties of such nanomaterials. We describe the parallel synthesis of a library comprising 146 nanoparticles(More)
PURPOSE We are in great need of specific biomarkers to detect pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) at an early stage, ideally before invasion. Plectin-1 (Plec1) was recently identified as one such biomarker. However, its suitability as a specific biomarker for human pancreatic cancer, and its usability as an imaging target, remain to be assessed. (More)
It has been suggested that vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) could serve as an early marker for inflammation of the endothelium. The ability to noninvasively image VCAM-1 could thus be a useful tool to diagnose a number of inflammatory diseases at early stages. Here we demonstrate that magnetooptical nanoparticles conjugated to anti-VCAM-1(More)
Molecular imaging allows clinicians to visualize the progression of tumours and obtain relevant information for patient diagnosis and treatment. Owing to their intrinsic optical, electrical and magnetic properties, nanoparticles are promising contrast agents for imaging dynamic molecular and cellular processes such as protein-protein interactions, enzyme(More)
There is an increasing medical need to detect and spatially localize early and aggressive forms of prostate cancer. Affinity ligands derived from bacteriophage (phage) library screens can be developed to molecularly target prostate cancer with fluorochromes for optical imaging. Toward this goal, we used in vivo phage display and a newly described(More)