Kimberly A Broadhurst

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Hepatomegaly is commonly observed in hepatic iron overload due to human hemochromatosis and in animal models of iron loading, but the mechanisms underlying liver enlargement in these conditions have received scant attention. In this study, male rats were treated with iron dextran or dextran alone for 6 months. Chronic iron loading resulted in a > 50-fold(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical data suggest enteral nutrition prevents stress ulceration and intragastric nutrients prevent restraint-induced gastric injury. The purpose of these studies was to determine if jejunal nutrients can protect without gastric contact and to determine if gastric pH, motility, or mucosal perfusion is affected. METHODS In Experiment 1, 27(More)
Hepatic iron deposition unrelated to hereditary hemochromatosis occurs commonly in cirrhosis but the pathogenesis of this condition is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the expression of genes involved in the regulation of iron metabolism in cirrhotic (n=22) and control human livers (n=5). Transcripts were quantitated by real-time RT-PCR and(More)
Aldose reductase is an NADPH-dependent aldo-keto reductase best known as the rate-limiting enzyme of the polyol pathway that is implicated in the complications of diabetes. Aldose reductase appears to be involved in a variety of disease states other than diabetes, presumably due to its ability to catalyze the reduction of a broad spectrum of aldehydes,(More)
Telomeres are repeated sequences at chromosome ends that are incompletely replicated during mitosis. Telomere shortening caused by proliferation or oxidative damage culminates in replicative arrest and senescence, which may impair regeneration during chronic liver injury. Whereas the effects of experimental liver injury on telomeres have received little(More)
INTRODUCTION Oxidative stress can trigger a cellular stress response characterized by induction of antioxidants, acute phase reactants (APRs) and heat shock proteins (HSPs), which are presumed to play a role in limiting tissue damage. In rodents, hepatic iron overload causes oxidative stress that results in upregulation of antioxidant defenses with minimal(More)
The clinical syndrome of stress ulceration has been studied for years using rodent cold restraint stress models, although the pathogenesis of the characteristic focal gastric mucosal lesions produced in these models has been controversial. We used gastric strain gauges to characterize fully the gastric motility effects of a 4-h cold restraint protocol, and(More)
Obesity is associated with several pain disorders including headache. The effects of obesity on the trigeminal nociceptive system, which mediates headache, remain unknown. We used 2 complementary mouse models of obesity (high-fat diet and leptin deficiency) to examine this. We assessed capsaicin-induced nocifensive behavior and photophobia in obese and(More)
The renin-angiotensin axis has recently been called the source of disproportionate splanchnic vasoconstriction during shock, and blocking this axis decreased gastric stress ulceration during swine cardiogenic shock. The present study tested whether the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor captopril would prevent stress ulceration when given after the(More)
The effects of endotoxin have been postulated to be mediated in large part by release of endogenous platelet-activating factor (PAF) due to the similarity of their hemodynamic and gastric effects in anesthetized animals, and to the ability of PAF inhibitors to ameliorate endotoxin's effects. We chose to examine the relationship with doses that would not(More)