Kimberley Spivey

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Responses to pharmacological doses of niacin, an agonist for GPR109A (niacin receptor), were different in cattle than in humans and rodents. Thus, the tissue distribution of GPR109A was investigated in cattle. Samples of tail head fat, back fat, perirenal fat, longissimus muscle, and liver were analyzed for abundance of GPR109A mRNA by quantitative(More)
Our objectives were to determine the effects of zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH) and the release rate of trenbolone acetate and estradiol-17β on the Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) and slice shear force (SSF) of longissimus lumborum (LL) and the WBSF of gluteus medius (GM) and psoas major (PM) in response to various aging periods. British × Continental(More)
Urea kinetics were measured in 2 experiments, with treatments designed to change protein deposition by the animal. Our hypothesis was that increased protein deposition by cattle (Bos taurus) would reduce urea production and recycling to the gastrointestinal tract. Urea kinetics were measured by continuous intravenous infusion of (15)N(15)N-urea followed by(More)
Providing cattle a more bioavailable zinc (Zn) source prior to administering a beta adrenergic agonist (βAA) may enhance the metabolic pool of primary nutrients that will influence the magnitude of the βAA response. Calf-fed Holstein steers were supplemented with a Zn methionine supplement (ZnMet; ZINPRO®; Zinpro Corporation, Eden Prairie, MN) for 115 ± 5(More)
The objective of this research was to develop methods to conserve water necessary to cleanse beef heads prior to USDA-FSIS inspection. This was to be accomplished by establishing a baseline for the minimum amount of water necessary to adequately wash a head and application of image analysis to provide an objective measure of head cleaning. Twenty-one beef(More)
OBJECTIVE   The objective of this study was to investigate whether reduced speech intelligibility in children with cleft palate affects social and personal attribute judgments made by typically developing children of different ages. DESIGN   The study (1) measured the correlation between intelligibility scores of speech samples from children with cleft(More)
Feeding zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH) with ruminally protected AA was evaluated in a small-pen feeding trial. Crossbred steers ( = 180; initial BW = 366 kg) were blocked by weight and then randomly assigned to treatments (45 pens; 9 pens/treatment). Treatment groups consisted of no ZH and no AA (Cont-), ZH and no AA (Cont+), ZH and a ruminally protected(More)
With the adoption of visual instrument grading, the calculated yield grade can be used for payment to cattle producers selling on grid pricing systems. The USDA beef carcass grading standards include a relationship between required LM area (LMA) and HCW that is an important component of the final yield grade. As noted on a USDA yield grade LMA grid, a(More)
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