Kimberley S Newman

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It has been inferred that ethanol suppresses the secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) in the male by depressing the release of LH-releasing hormone (LH-RH) from the hypothalamus. Direct support for this inference has been difficult to obtain, however, because of significant technical difficulties in measuring LH-RH release under in vivo conditions. To(More)
The effects of castration on liver alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activity and the in vivo metabolism of ethanol were examined in the male Sprague-Dawley-derived rat. It was found that castration led to immediate (24 hr) increases in the ADH-dependent metabolism of ethanol which persisted for at least 6 weeks postcastration. Testosterone completely reversed(More)
We have previously shown that brief periods of exposure to opiate alkaloid drugs markedly enhance the subsequent effects of the opiate antagonist, naloxone, on serum luteinizing hormone (LH) levels in the male rat. In the present studies, we have found that this phenomenon is not simply a property of opiate drugs, but can be produced by a metabolically(More)
It has been reported previously that castration produces testosterone-reversible increases in the density of 3H-naltrexone binding sites in the male rat brain. Unfortunately, we were unable to replicate these observations in a comprehensive series of studies. Specifically, we found that castration failed to produce changes in the Kd or Bmax of opiate(More)
The chemical kinetics of the free-radical-induced degradation of the gasoline oxygenate methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in water have been investigated. Rate constants for the reaction of MTBE with the hydroxyl radical, hydrated electron, and hydrogen atom were determined in aqueous solution at room temperature, using electron pulse radiolysis and absorption(More)