Kimberley Mace

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Drug metabolizing enzymes, particularly those involved in the metabolism of carcinogenic chemicals, were characterized in cultured human keratinocytes. Using immunoblotting experiments, we analysed the expression of phase I enzymes, cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) and NADPH reductase, and phase II enzymes, phenol UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) and(More)
Recruiting a new blood supply is a rate-limiting step in tumor progression. In a three-dimensional model of breast carcinogenesis, disorganized, proliferative transformed breast epithelial cells express significantly higher expression of angiogenic genes compared with their polarized, growth-arrested nonmalignant counterparts. Elevated vascular endothelial(More)
Numerous studies have shown that, upon HIV1 infection, human promonocytic U937 cells were induced to differentiate, as indicated, for example, by increased expression of adhesion molecules. One of the viral proteins involved in this process might be the Tat protein. Indeed, this viral protein, which is essential for productive infection, has also been shown(More)
A comparative study of the replication kinetics of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) was performed in the promonocytic U937 cells and in the T lymphoblastoid H9 cells. If a productive HIV-1 infection of both cell types could be established, the time which elapses before most of the cells could express viral proteins is always proportionally longer(More)
Cells of the monocyte lineage act as a major reservoir for HIV, and ways of enhancing the resistance of mononuclear phagocytes to HIV replication would be useful for delaying the onset of AIDS in infected individuals. Seif et al. (J. Virol. 65:664, 1991) have recently shown the possibility of obtaining stable antiviral expression (SAVE), directed against(More)
Viral infection of immunocompetent cells always leads to disordered regulation of the immune system. Thus, infection by HIV1 (human immunodeficiency virus, type 1) of mononuclear phagocytes and lymphocytes is linked to the induction of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV1 replication in mononuclear phagocytes appears to be dependent on both(More)
To further document the role of interferons in the restriction of HIV1 replication in cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage, the antiviral effects of alpha-interferon (IFN alpha) were studied in chronically HIV 1-infected promonocytic cells U937, in which IFN alpha was endogenously produced or to which recombinant IFN alpha was added. Protein analysis(More)
The CD4 molecule is known to be the preferential receptor for the HIV1 envelope glycoprotein. Epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) are dendritic cells which express several surface antigens, among them the CD4 antigens. LC infection was suggested when these cells were seen to present buddings coincident with membrane thickening of roughly 100 nm in size. These(More)
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