Kimberley A Krivacic

Learn More
Following traumatic injury to the spinal cord, hematogenous inflammatory cells including neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes infiltrate the lesion in a distinct temporal sequence. To examine potential mechanisms for their recruitment, we measured chemokine mRNAs in the contused rat spinal cord, using specific and sensitive reverse transcriptase(More)
Intracerebral infection of susceptible strains of mice with Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) induces a biphasic disease characterized by acute polioencephalitis followed by chronic demyelination and viral persistence in the spinal cord white matter. There has been limited study of soluble mediators responsible for the initial recruitment of(More)
Tumor cell resistance to anthracyclines and epipodophyllotoxins can be due to reduced drug accumulation and/or alterations in the activity of topoisomerase II (TOPO II). HL-60 cells selected in 0.05 micrograms/ml doxorubicin (DOX) are 10-fold and > 20-fold resistant to DOX and etoposide (VP-16), respectively. The accumulation of [3H]VP-16 was 2-3-fold lower(More)
The role of focal brain damage as a trigger for autoimmune inflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS) is unclear. In this study we examine mechanisms by which experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is enhanced by focal brain damage. EAE was produced in Lewis rats by footpad inoculation; focal brain damage, in the form of a cortical cryolesion(More)
EDI-immunoreactive macrophages, absent from the superior cervical ganglia (SCG) of normal rats, appear in these ganglia within 48h after postganglionic axotomy. Further, resident macrophages show changes after axotomy. Since chemokines function as chemoattractants and activators of leukocytes, the effects of axotomy on chemokine expression in the SCG were(More)
Recruitment of inflammatory cells is of critical importance in the pathogenesis of immune-mediated demyelinating diseases in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Evidence is increasing that chemokines might play a key role in this process, since they promote leukocyte entry into the nervous system during immune-mediated inflammation. In the present study we(More)
Several proteins are known to modulate cholesterol crystallization. We recently demonstrated that haptoglobin has cholesterol crystallization promoting activity. However, this effect is still not well understood mechanistically. The current study examined the distribution of haptoglobin compared to apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) to micelles, vesicles and(More)
Inhibitors of calcium-calmodulin-dependent processes, 1-[N,O-bis(1,5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-N-methyl-L-tyrosyl]-4-piperazine KN-62 and trifluoperazine (TFP), at non-cytotoxic concentrations (2 and 5 microM, respectively) enhanced etoposide (VP-16) cytotoxicity in Adriamycin-resistant (HL-60/ADR0.05) cells (3- to > 50-fold). In contrast to TFP, the inhibitor(More)
Regulation of topoisomerase II (TOPO II) isozymes alpha and beta is influenced by the growth and transformation state of cells. Using HL-60 cells induced to differentiate by all-trans retinoic acid (RA), we have investigated the expression and regulation of TOPO II isozymes as well as the levels of topoisomerase I (TOPO I). During RA-induced differentiation(More)