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Tumor progression and recurrence of cervical cancer is associated with upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2). We evaluated the location, origin and activity of MMP-2 in cervical squamous cell carcinomas in comparison with MT1-MMP (MMP-14), TIMP-2 and extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN). Positive immunostaining for MMP-2 in(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), a tumour suppressing as well as tumour-promoting cytokine, is stored as an extracellular matrix-bound latent complex. We examined TGF-beta1 activation and localisation of TGF-beta1 activity in gastric cancer. Gastric tumours showed increased stromal and epithelial total TGF-beta1 staining by(More)
Despite significant progress in the development of therapies for relapsing MS, progressive MS remains comparatively disappointing. Our objective, in this paper, is to review the current challenges in developing therapies for progressive MS and identify key priority areas for research. A collaborative was convened by volunteer and staff leaders from several(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) play critical roles in immune responses and can be distinguished in two major subsets, myeloid and plasmacytoid DCs. Although the presence of DC in all peripheral organs, including the kidney, has been well documented, no accurate estimates of DC subsets in human kidneys have been reported. This study shows a detailed analysis of DC(More)
Recently, complexes of matrix metalloproteinase matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) with lipocalin-2 (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin) were found in the urine obtained from breast cancer patients, while these were completely absent in that obtained from healthy controls. In vitro data suggested a possible role for lipocalin-2 in the protection of(More)
Activation of filtered complement products on the brush border of the tubular epithelium is thought to be a key factor underlying proteinuria-induced tubulointerstitial injury. However, the mechanism of tubular complement activation is still unclear. Recent studies on mechanisms of complement activation indicate a key role for properdin in the initiation of(More)
BACKGROUND IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary glomerulonephritis worldwide. Intranasal vaccination of patients with IgAN has shown mucosal and systemic IgA hyporesponsiveness. Here, we investigated whether this IgA hyporesponse in IgAN patients can be explained by reduced numbers or altered subset distribution of dendritic cells (DCs) in(More)
Angiogenesis is crucial for the progression of colorectal carcinomas in which the bioavailability of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) plays a major role. VEGF bioavailability is regulated by proteolytic release or cleavage. In colorectal cancer patients, we observed a significant correlation between circulating VEGF and tumour tissue Matrix(More)
Dendritic cells are key players in renal allograft rejection and have been identified as an intrinsic part of the kidney. Here we quantified and phenotyped the dendritic cell populations in well-defined biopsies of 102 patients with acute renal allograft rejection in comparison with 78 available pretransplant biopsies. There was a strong increase in(More)
Over-expression of matrilysin (MMP-7) is predominantly associated with epithelial (pre)malignant cells. In the present study MMP-7 expression is also found in endothelial cells in various human cancer types. Endothelial MMP-7 was associated with CD34 and/or CD105 expression. These immunohistochemical data were confirmed by RT-PCR on VEGF-stimulated(More)