Kim Y. C. Fung

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Among extant reptiles only two lineages are known to have evolved venom delivery systems, the advanced snakes and helodermatid lizards (Gila Monster and Beaded Lizard). Evolution of the venom system is thought to underlie the impressive radiation of the advanced snakes (2,500 of 3,000 snake species). In contrast, the lizard venom system is thought to be(More)
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and peptide mass fingerprinting were used to identify proteins in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pooled from three patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and in CSF pooled from three patients with non-MS inflammatory central nervous system (CNS) disorders. Resolution of CSF proteins on three pH gradients (3-10, 4-7 and 6-11)(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge of the peptide and protein components of seminal fluid and their role in prostate diseases including benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate carcinoma is scant. We have undertaken a proteomic analysis of semen as a forerunner to identifying sensitive and specific diagnostic markers of prostatic diseases; to aid in improved therapeutic(More)
The tear film is complex and is rich in both peptides and proteins. Physiological factors have been shown to alter the balance of the protein components in the tear film, however, little is known of the precise stimuli that initiate these changes, or their nature and extent. Attention has been directed at the role of tear proteins in the protection of the(More)
We report the characterization of 5-methoxy-1,2-dimethyl-3-[(4-nitrophenoxy)methyl]indole-4,7-dione (ES936) as a mechanism-based inhibitor of NQO1. Inactivation of NQO1 by ES936 was time- and concentration-dependent and required the presence of a pyridine nucleotide cofactor consistent with a need for metabolic activation. That ES936 was an efficient(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of preventable cancer deaths worldwide, with dietary factors being recognised as key risk modifiers. Foods containing dietary fibre are protective to a degree that the World Cancer Research Fund classifies the evidence supporting their consumption as 'convincing'. The mechanisms by which fibre components protect(More)
Nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics hold much promise for providing better nutritional advice to the public generally, genetic subgroups and individuals. Because nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics require a deep understanding of nutrition, genetics and biochemistry and ever new 'omic' technologies, it is often difficult, even for educated professionals, to(More)
The Snake Venom Detection Kit (SVDK) is of major medical importance in Australia, yet it has never been rigorously characterised in terms of its sensitivity and specificity, especially when it comes to reports of false-negative and false-positive results. This study investigates reactions and cross-reactions of five venoms the SVDK is directed against and a(More)
BACKGROUND Lipocalin 2 has been implicated in colorectal tumorigenesis but its usefulness as a diagnostic marker for the disease has previously never been determined. METHODS We have used ELISA immunoassay to measure the level of serum lipocalin 2 in a cohort consisting of colorectal cancer patients (n=196) and age/gender matched controls (n=99). (More)