Kim Van der Heiden

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During cardiovascular development, fluid shear stress patterns change dramatically due to extensive remodeling. This biomechanical force has been shown to drive gene expression in endothelial cells and, consequently, is considered to play a role in cardiovascular development. The mechanism by which endothelial cells sense shear stress is still unidentified.(More)
OBJECTIVE Proinflammatory mediators influence atherosclerosis by inducing adhesion molecules (eg, VCAM-1) on endothelial cells (ECs) via signaling intermediaries including p38 MAP kinase. Regions of arteries exposed to high shear stress are protected from inflammation and atherosclerosis, whereas low-shear regions are susceptible. Here we investigated(More)
Atherosclerosis develops in the arterial system at sites of low as well as low and oscillating shear stress. Previously, we demonstrated a shear-related distribution of ciliated endothelial cells in the embryonic cardiovascular system and postulated that the primary cilium is a component of the shear stress sensor, functioning as a signal amplifier. This(More)
Primary cilia are mechanosensors for fluid shear stress, and are involved in a number of syndromes and congenital anomalies. We identified endothelial cilia in areas of low shear stress in the embryonic heart. The objective of the present study was to demonstrate the role of primary cilia in mechanosensing. Ciliated embryonic endothelial cells were cultured(More)
Endothelial cells (EC) translate biomechanical forces into functional and phenotypic responses that play important roles in cardiac development. Specifically, EC in areas of high shear stress, i.e., in the cardiac outflow tract and atrioventricular canal, are characterized by high expression of Krüppel-like factor 2 (Klf2) and by transforming growth(More)
Cardiovascular development is directed or modulated by genetic and epigenetic factors. The latter include blood flow-related shear stress and blood pressure-related circumferential strain. This review focuses on shear stress and its effects on endothelial cells lining the inner surfaces of the heart and blood vessels. Flow characteristics of the embryonic(More)
The cardiovascular system is exposed to biochemical and biomechanical signals. Various sensors for these signals have been described and they contribute to cardiovascular development, maintenance of vessel integrity during adult life, and to pathogenesis. In the past 10years, primary cilia, membrane-covered, rod-like cellular protrusions, were discovered on(More)
Cardiovascular pathologies are still the primary cause of death worldwide. The molecular mechanisms behind these pathologies have not been fully elucidated. Unravelling them will bring us closer to therapeutic strategies to prevent or treat cardiovascular disease. One of the major transcription factors that has been linked to both cardiovascular health and(More)
is a Newtonian fluid. Consequently, the HagenPoiseuille law is applicable for approximations of the wall shear stress levels in small vessels of the adult and embryonic cardiovascular system. A measure for the characteristics of flow is the Reynolds number (Re). It represents the ratio of inertia forces to viscous forces. Inertia is the tendency of matter(More)