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A Large-Scale, Higher-Level, Molecular Phylogenetic Study of the Insect Order Lepidoptera (Moths and Butterflies)
TLDR
This study highlights the challenge of finding optimal topologies when analyzing hundreds of taxa and shows that some nodes get strong support only when analysis is restricted to nonsynonymous change, while total change is necessary for strong support of others.
Can RNA-Seq Resolve the Rapid Radiation of Advanced Moths and Butterflies (Hexapoda: Lepidoptera: Apoditrysia)? An Exploratory Study
TLDR
The potential of next-generation sequencing to conclusively resolve apoditrysian relationships is explored and high support was seen at only 2 of 11 deeper nodes among the “lower”, non-obtectomeran apod itrysians, which represent a much harder phylogenetic problem.
A molecular phylogeny and revised classification for the oldest ditrysian moth lineages (Lepidoptera: Tineoidea), with implications for ancestral feeding habits of the mega‐diverse Ditrysia
TLDR
The largest tineoid molecular study to date, sampling five to 19 nuclear gene regions in 62 species, and suggests that the earliest ditrysians may typically have been detritivores and/or fungivores as larvae, like most extant tineoids, rather than host‐specific feeders.
A molecular phylogeny for the oldest (nonditrysian) lineages of extant Lepidoptera, with implications for classification, comparative morphology and life‐history evolution
TLDR
The goal of this paper is to test previous hypotheses of nonditrysian phylogeny against a data set consisting of 61 nond itrysian species plus 20 representative Ditrysia and eight outgroups (Trichoptera), nearly all sequenced for 19 nuclear genes (up to 14 700 bp total).
Phylotranscriptomics resolves ancient divergences in the Lepidoptera
TLDR
A greatly expanded gene sampling of RNA‐Seq is brought to bear on nonditrysian phylogeny, recovering a novel hypothesis for early glossatan relationships that is the most strongly supported to date.
Further progress on the phylogeny of Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera) using an expanded gene sample
TLDR
Maximum‐likelihood analyses of 5–19 genes in 74 noctuoids representing all the families and a majority of the subfamilies of Noctuoidea provide additional corroboration for the main outlines of family‐level phylogeny in Noctuoides, and contribute toward resolving relationships within families.
The butterfly subfamily Pseudopontiinae is not monobasic: marked genetic diversity and morphology reveal three new species of Pseudopontia (Lepidoptera: Pieridae)
TLDR
Phylogenetic analyses of the COI sequences and amplified fragment‐length polymorphism data concur, and indicate the existence of at least five monophyletic, non‐interbreeding populations of Pseudopontia, with a particularly deep divergence between three populations of P. paradoxa Paradoxa australis.
Phylogeny and feeding trait evolution of the mega‐diverse Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera: Obtectomera): new insight from 19 nuclear genes
TLDR
An independent estimate of among‐family relationships of Gelechioidea is provided, showing that gelechioids have a higher total number and percentage of species that are saprophagous as larvae than any other apoditrysian superfamily and that sapropedagy is concentrated primarily in the ‘AXLO clade’.
Preserving and vouchering butterflies and moths for large-scale museum-based molecular research
TLDR
This work presents a procedure that creates accessible and easily visualized “wing vouchers” of individual Lepidoptera specimens, and preserves the remainder of the insect in a cryogenic freezer for molecular research.