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Although alterations in resting-state functional connectivity between brain regions have previously been reported in Parkinson's disease, the spatial organization of these changes remains largely unknown. Here, we longitudinally studied brain network topology in Parkinson's disease in relation to clinical measures of disease progression, using(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is not only associated with metabolic abnormalities, but also with cognitive dysfunction and changes in the central nervous system. The present pilot study was carried out to investigate functional connectivity in obese and non-obese adolescents using magnetoencephalography (MEG). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Magnetoencephalographic(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate fMRI whole-brain resting-state functional connectivity changes in relation to cognitive decline in Parkinson disease (PD) over a 3-year period. METHODS Resting-state fMRI scans were acquired in 55 patients with PD (mean age 65.8 years, SD 6.37; average disease duration 9.24 years, SD 3.96) and 15 matched controls (mean age 64.4(More)
The pathophysiological mechanisms of Parkinson's disease (PD)-related dementia (PDD) are still poorly understood. Previous studies using electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) have demonstrated widespread slowing of oscillatory brain activity as a neurophysiological characteristic of PD-related dementia. Here, we use MEG to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of this study was to establish the cognitive profile of newly diagnosed untreated (de novo) patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and more advanced, treated patients, and to determine the effects of dopamine (DA) replacement therapy. METHODS A cohort of 23 de novo patients, 55 mild to moderately advanced, medicated PD(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the ability of neurophysiologic markers in conjunction with cognitive assessment to improve prediction of progression to dementia in Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS Baseline cognitive assessments and magnetoencephalographic recordings from 63 prospectively included PD patients without dementia were analyzed in relation to PD-related(More)
The assessment of resting-state functional connectivity has become an important tool in studying brain disease mechanisms. Here we use magnetoencephalography to longitudinally evaluate functional connectivity changes in relation to clinical measures of disease progression in Parkinson's disease (PD). Using a source-space based approach with detailed(More)
OBJECTIVE The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying Parkinson's disease (PD)-related cognitive decline and conversion to PD dementia are poorly understood. In the healthy human brain, stable patterns of posterior-to-anterior cortical information flow have recently been demonstrated in the higher frequency bands using magnetoencephalography (MEG). In this(More)
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