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OBJECTIVES To systematically review published studies to identify the characteristics that distinguish fractures in children resulting from abuse and those not resulting from abuse, and to calculate a probability of abuse for individual fracture types. DESIGN Systematic review. DATA SOURCES All language literature search of Medline, Medline in Process,(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate outcome, management, and prevention in Munchausen syndrome by proxy, non-accidental poisoning, and non-accidental suffocation. DESIGN Ascertainment through British Paediatric Surveillance Unit and questionnaires to responding paediatricians. SETTING The UK and Republic of Ireland, September 1992 to August 1994. SUBJECTS(More)
BACKGROUND The safety of playgrounds is important to protect children from injury, but studies are mostly done mainly under laboratory conditions without epidemiological data. We investigated the safety of different playground surfaces, and types and heights of equipment in public playgrounds in the City of Cardiff, UK. METHODS We did a correlational(More)
The incidence and pattern of injuries to children in public playgrounds presenting to the accident and emergency department were reviewed over two six month summer periods in Cardiff. A total of 178 children (mean age 7.5 years) attended with a playground injury representing 1.1% of all the children attending. One hundred and five children fell from(More)
OBJECTIVES The purposes of this study were: (1) to ascertain the incidence and nature of severe physical child abuse in Wales; (2) to ascertain the incidence of all physical abuse in babies under 1 year of age; and (3) to determine whether child protection registers (CPR) accurately reflect the numbers of children who are physically abused. METHODS This(More)
Public playgrounds are important for children’s play and development. Safety is a prime concern not only to prevent injuries but also because families need the assurance that it is safe for their children to play. One way of improving safety is for health services and local authorities to form a partnership in the surveillance of injuries and the making of(More)
AIM To study the association between travel time from home to hospital and birth outcomes. METHODS For all registrable births to women resident in Wales (1995-2009), we calculated the travel time between the mother's residence and the postcode-based location for both the birth hospital and all hospitals with maternity services that were open. Using(More)
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