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OBJECTIVES To systematically review published studies to identify the characteristics that distinguish fractures in children resulting from abuse and those not resulting from abuse, and to calculate a probability of abuse for individual fracture types. DESIGN Systematic review. DATA SOURCES All language literature search of Medline, Medline in Process,(More)
BACKGROUND The safety of playgrounds is important to protect children from injury, but studies are mostly done mainly under laboratory conditions without epidemiological data. We investigated the safety of different playground surfaces, and types and heights of equipment in public playgrounds in the City of Cardiff, UK. METHODS We did a correlational(More)
AIMS To determine which radiological investigations should be performed and which children should be investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS An all language literature search of original articles; from 1950-October 2005. Two reviewers independently reviewed each article. A third was carried out on disagreement. Each study was assessed using standardised data(More)
The incidence and pattern of injuries to children in public playgrounds presenting to the accident and emergency department were reviewed over two six month summer periods in Cardiff. A total of 178 children (mean age 7.5 years) attended with a playground injury representing 1.1% of all the children attending. One hundred and five children fell from(More)
OBJECTIVES The purposes of this study were: (1) to ascertain the incidence and nature of severe physical child abuse in Wales; (2) to ascertain the incidence of all physical abuse in babies under 1 year of age; and (3) to determine whether child protection registers (CPR) accurately reflect the numbers of children who are physically abused. METHODS This(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate outcome, management, and prevention in Munchausen syndrome by proxy, non-accidental poisoning, and non-accidental suffocation. DESIGN Ascertainment through British Paediatric Surveillance Unit and questionnaires to responding paediatricians. SETTING The UK and Republic of Ireland, September 1992 to August 1994. SUBJECTS(More)
AIM To study the association between travel time from home to hospital and birth outcomes. METHODS For all registrable births to women resident in Wales (1995-2009), we calculated the travel time between the mother's residence and the postcode-based location for both the birth hospital and all hospitals with maternity services that were open. Using(More)
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