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Seven dogs were instrumented with a left ventricular micromanometer and pairs of ultrasonic crystals to measure left ventricular wall thicknesses (control and ischemic regions) and short and long left ventricular axes; cuff occluders were placed around the left circumflex coronary artery and the inferior vena cava. Measurements were performed at rest, after(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1) are increased in patients and animals with severe congestive heart failure (CHF). It remains unknown, however, whether ET-1 plays a direct and contributory role in the progression of CHF. Accordingly, the present project tested the hypothesis that chronic blockade of the ETA receptor would have direct and(More)
Prolonged nontransmural ischemia was produced and the early and late effects of reperfusion were studied in 10 conscious dogs instrumented over the long term. Five hours of partial circumflex coronary artery stenosis was produced with a hydraulic occluder, followed by gradual release over 20 min, with measurements of left ventricular pressure, regional(More)
Simple geometric models of the left ventricle and indirect experimental measurements suggest that the inner myocardial wall contributes the largest fraction to total wall thickening. We measured transmural differences in regional wall thickening directly, using an epicardial M mode echocardiographic transducer (6 mm diameter, 5 MHz) placed on the anterior(More)
Myocardial preconditioning with brief coronary artery occlusions before a sustained ischemic period is reported to reduce infarct size. To determine the number of occlusive episodes required to produce the preconditioning effect, we performed single or multiple occlusions of the left circumflex coronary artery (LCx) followed by a sustained occlusion (60(More)
In 67 dogs with a 60-80% coronary stenosis produced by an external constricting plastic ring, blood flow measured with an electromagnetic flowmeter showed cyclical flow reductions of varying magnitude and duration, and then an abrupt return to control flow. In 45 dogs, heparin did not prevent these flow reductions, but ibuprofen (Motrin) or indomethacin(More)
Pentobarbital anesthetized dogs were subjected to 90 minutes of left circumflex coronary artery (LCCA) occlusion followed by 72 hours of reperfusion. Control or anti-Mo1 (904) F(ab')2 fragments of monoclonal antibodies were administered intravenously at a dose of 1 mg/kg beginning 45 minutes after occlusion and at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg at 12, 24, 36, and 48(More)
In 15 open-chest, anesthetized dogs, regional systolic wall thickening (% delta WT) was measured with sonomicrometry and regional blood flow was determined with tracer microspheres (7-10 micron) before and after various degrees of coronary artery narrowing were created with a hydraulic occluder. The stenoses were categorized into four groups by the effect(More)
We examined in conscious dogs the effects of reductions in myocardial blood flow (MBF) in three different layers across the wall on regional myocardial contractile function in the ischemic zone, measured as systolic wall thickening (%WT). In 16 dogs, %WT was measured with sonomicrometry and MBF was determined with microspheres (10- to 12-microns diam)(More)