Kim Maree O'Sullivan

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A culture-independent survey of the soil microbial diversity in a clover-grass pasture in southern Wisconsin was conducted by sequence analysis of a universal clone library of genes coding for small-subunit rRNA (rDNA). A rapid and efficient method for extraction of DNA from soils which resulted in highly purified DNA with minimal shearing was developed.(More)
Low bone mineral density (BMD) is a major risk factor for the development of osteoporosis and there is strong evidence to suggest that the procurement and preservation of peak BMD is genetically determined. In an effort to identify factors responsible for susceptibility to low BMD in the Irish population, we investigated its possible association with(More)
INTRODUCTION Agitated delirium is common in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation, and is often treated with haloperidol despite concerns about safety and efficacy. Use of conventional sedatives to control agitation can preclude extubation. Dexmedetomidine, a novel sedative and anxiolytic agent, may have particular utility in these patients. We sought(More)
OBJECTIVE Bilateral chronic high frequency deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) has emerged as an appropriate therapy for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease refractory to medical therapy. Advances in neuroimaging and neurophysiology have led to the development of varied targeting methods for the delivery of this treatment.(More)
A major target autoantigen in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis is myeloperoxidase (MPO). Although MPO-specific CD4+ Th cells seem to orchestrate renal injury, the role of the Th17 subset is unknown. We hypothesized that Th17 cells direct injurious anti-MPO autoimmunity in experimental murine anti-MPO-induced glomerulonephritis(More)
Experimental crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) is characterized by T helper 1 (Th1) directed nephritogenic immune responses and cell-mediated glomerular injury. IL-12p40, the common cytokine chain for both IL-12 and IL-23, is important in the generation and potentially the maintenance of Th1 responses, whereas IL-18 is a co-factor for Th1 responses that(More)
Twenty patients with chronic pain who previously had obtained analgesia from epidural clonidine and lignocaine agreed to participate in a double-blind crossover study of lumbar epidural clonidine (150 micrograms), lignocaine (40 mg) and the combination of clonidine (150 microgram) and lignocaine (40 mg), all drugs were given in a volume of 3 ml. There were(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a serious systemic autoimmune disease of unknown etiology. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine that is operative in innate and adaptive immunity and important in immune-mediated diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and atherosclerosis. The functional relevance of MIF in systemic(More)
Mast cells contribute to the modulation of the immune response, but their role in autoimmune renal disease is not well understood. Here, we induced autoimmunity resulting in focal necrotizing GN by immunizing wild-type or mast cell-deficient (Kit(W-sh/W-sh)) mice with myeloperoxidase. Mast cell-deficient mice exhibited more antimyeloperoxidase CD4+ T cells,(More)
OBJECTIVE Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is implicated as a local mediator of tissue damage when released extracellularly in many chronic inflammatory diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of endogenous MPO in experimental rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS K/BxN serum-transfer arthritis was induced in C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) and MPO knockout(More)