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BACKGROUND Many youth physical activity interventions have minimal effect. To design better interventions we need to understand more about the factors that influence youth activity. Application of self-determination theory to youth physical activity, particularly the relatedness and competence, might suggest that friends and friendship groups influence the(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore parents' perceptions of their infants' participation in randomized control trials (RCTs) and the implications of the RCT for their infant and themselves. DESIGN A qualitative study using semistructured interviews. SETTING Participants were identified from neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) clinical registers and from responses to(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity declines as children approach puberty. Research has focussed on psychosocial, environmental, and demographic determinants. This paper explores how family and socioeconomic factors are related to children's physical activity. METHODS Seventeen focus groups were conducted with 113, 10-11 year old children from 11 primary schools(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity independent of adult supervision is an important component of youth physical activity. This study examined parental attitudes to independent activity, factors that limit licence to be independently active and parental strategies to facilitate independent activity. METHODS In-depth phone interviews were conducted with 24(More)
BACKGROUND The benefits of physical activity for reducing obesity and related chronic diseases are well known. The need for more family-based interventions to increase physical activity is frequently cited in the literature; however, little is known about if and how families are physically active together, and what factors might influence family-based(More)
OBJECTIVE We used multi-level modelling of sibling-pair data to disentangle the influence of proband-specific and more general family influences on maternal expressed emotion (MEE) toward children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD MEE was measured using the Five Minute Speech Sample (FMSS) for 60 sibling pairs(More)
BACKGROUND In the humanitarian crisis context of conflict zones, collecting data is essential for identifying and addressing the mental health needs of refugee children to avoid mass suffering. This study tested the feasibility of recruiting refugees caring for children and using established and brief parent-report questionnaires in a challenging context to(More)
The Policy Research Working Paper Series disseminates the findings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. An objective of the series is to get the findings out quickly, even if the presentations are less than fully polished. The papers carry the names of the authors and should be cited accordingly. The findings,(More)