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OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between diabetes and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and cognition and risk of developing both dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older women. METHODS The authors analyzed data from a 4-year randomized trial of raloxifene among 7,027 osteoporotic postmenopausal women (mean age, 66.3 years) at 178 sites.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies hypothesized that seasonal affective disorder (SAD) was caused by a circadian rhythm abnormality. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether rest-activity rhythms were phase delayed, diminished in amplitude, or more poorly entrained to the 24-hour day. METHOD Twenty healthy adult controls and 25 outpatients meeting(More)
Clinical trials aimed at developing therapies for traumatic brain injury (TBI) require outcome measures that are reliable, validated, and easily administered. The most widely used of these measures, the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) and the GOS-Extended (GOS-E), have been criticized as suffering from ceiling effects. In an attempt to develop a more useful and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the health relevant behavior of psychiatric patients and the general population. METHOD Health behavior of 363 psychiatric in-patients with ICD-10 diagnoses of schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, major depressive disorders and neurotic, and somatoform disorders was compared with health behavior of a representative sample of 7200 persons(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) correlate with cerebral ischemia. The combination of ADC with techniques to measure cerebral perfusion may help to assess the effect of treatment. CASE DESCRIPTION The authors describe a patient who experienced an acute stroke with hemianopia, consequently treated with intravenous recombinant(More)
OBJECTIVE Endoscopic procedures may represent an alternative to microsurgery or shunt operations in intra- or paraventricular pathologies. However, the operative results mainly depend on the selection of suitable patients. In the present study of 30 patients with occlusive hydrocephalus, the relevance of differentiated magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for(More)
We report three adenomatous middle-ear tumours, an adenoma, an adenocarcinoma and a semimalignant adenomatous tumour, with special attention to CT and MRI findings. In all cases we found small intratympanic masses in which the ossicles were embedded. All showed contrast enhancement and similar signal intensity as brain tissue on T1- and T2-weighted images.(More)
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