Kim J Hasenkrug

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Recovery from Friend virus 3 (Rfv3) is a single autosomal gene encoding a resistance trait that influences retroviral neutralizing antibody responses and viremia. Despite extensive research for 30 years, the molecular identity of Rfv3 has remained elusive. Here, we demonstrate that Rfv3 is encoded by Apobec3. Apobec3 maps to the same chromosome region as(More)
Normal levels of CD4(+) regulatory T cells are critical for the maintenance of immunological homeostasis and the prevention of autoimmune diseases. However, we now show that the expansion of CD4(+) regulatory T cells in response to a chronic viral infection can lead to immunosuppression. Mice persistently infected with Friend retrovirus develop(More)
A number of mouse hybridomas which secrete monoclonal antibodies (mAb) have been produced in this laboratory, mainly for the purposes of recognizing and studying crossover events within the H-2 complex of recombinant mice. The cross-reaction patterns for these mAb were determined by cytotoxicity tests against a panel of mouse strains carrying H-2 haplotypes(More)
The establishment of viral persistence generally requires evasion of the host CD8(+) T cell response. Here we describe a form of evasion wherein the CD8(+) T cells are fully capable of recognizing their cognate antigen but their effector functions are suppressed by regulatory T cells. Virus-specific CD8(+) T cells adoptively transferred into mice(More)
Infection by live attenuated retroviruses provides excellent protection from challenge with pathogenic viruses in several animal models, but little is known about which immune effectors are necessary for protection. We examined this using adoptive transfer experiments in the Friend virus mouse model. Transfers of immune spleen cells into naive mice(More)
Friend virus (FV) and lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus (LDV) are endemic mouse viruses that can cause long-term chronic infections in mice. We found that numerous mouse-passaged FV isolates also contained LDV and that coinfection with LDV delayed FV-specific CD8(+) T-cell responses during acute infection. While LDV did not alter the type of acute(More)
Live-attenuated retroviruses have been shown to be effective retroviral vaccines, but currently little is known regarding the mechanisms of protection. In the present studies, we used Friend virus as a model to analyze characteristics of a live-attenuated vaccine in protection against virus-induced disease. Highly susceptible mice were immunized with(More)
APOBEC proteins have evolved as innate defenses against retroviral infections. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) encodes the Vif protein to evade human APOBEC3G; however, mouse retroviruses do not encode a Vif homologue, and it has not been understood how they evade mouse APOBEC3. We report here a murine leukemia virus (MuLV) that utilizes its glycosylated(More)
Reactivations of persistent viral infections pose a significant medical problem in immunocompromised cancer, transplant, and AIDS patients, yet little is known about how persistent viral infections are immunologically controlled. Here we describe a mouse model for investigating the role of the immune response in controlling a persistent retroviral(More)