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Dopamine receptors (DARs) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) are critical for cocaine's actions but the nature of adaptations in DAR function after repeated cocaine exposure remains controversial. This may be due in part to the fact that different methods used in previous studies measured different DAR pools. In the present study, we used a protein crosslinking(More)
BACKGROUND IL-17 and Foxp3 double-expressing (DE) CD4(+) T lymphocytes are novel crossover immune cell population, but the presence and role of these cells in human intestinal inflammation is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the circulating IL-17 and Foxp3 DE CD4(+) T lymphocytes in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS(More)
Isoprostanes are prostaglandin-like compounds formed in vivo primarily by free radical-catalyzed peroxidation of arachidonic acid independent of the cyclooxygenase enzyme. In addition to being utilized as reliable indicators of oxidative stress, 8-isoprostanes exert pharmacological actions on smooth muscles from several tissues and organs, and they play a(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms underlying the differential effects of cigarette smoking in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) remain unknown. Smoking has been demonstrated to be protective in UC, whereas in CD it has been shown to be associated with a more severe course, more frequent relapses, and postoperative recurrence. Dendritic(More)
TY029, an N-pyrrolo[1,2-c]imidazolylphenyl sulfonamide herbicide, controls economically important weeds through inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxygenase. As partial satisfaction of regulatory requirements to establish safety and to aid in the interpretation of toxicology bioassays, a rat metabolism study of TY029 was performed to define the(More)
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