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Partial resistance of cell membranes to solubilization with mild detergents and the analysis of isolated detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs) have been used operationally to define membrane domains. Given the multitude of detergents used for this purpose, we sought to investigate whether extraction with different detergents might reflect the same underlying(More)
Although the transcriptome, proteome, and interactome of several eukaryotic model organisms have been described in detail, lipidomes remain relatively uncharacterized. Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae as an example, we demonstrate that automated shotgun lipidomics analysis enabled lipidome-wide absolute quantification of individual molecular lipid species by(More)
Recent advances in mass spectrometry (MS)-based techniques for lipidomic analysis have empowered us with the tools that afford studies of lipidomes at the systems level. However, these techniques pose a number of challenges for lipidomic raw data processing, lipid informatics, and the interpretation of lipidomic data in the context of lipid function and(More)
Technological advances in mass spectrometry and meticulous method development have produced several shotgun lipidomic approaches capable of characterizing lipid species by direct analysis of total lipid extracts. Shotgun lipidomics by hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry allows the absolute quantification of hundreds of molecular(More)
The stability of the lipid concentration levels in shotgun lipidomics analysis was tracked over a period of 3.5 years. Concentration levels in several lipid classes, such as phospholipids, were determined in human plasma lipid extracts. Impact of the following factors on the analysis was investigated: sample amount, internal standard amount, and sample(More)
In this study we have used mass spectrometry in order to characterize the HDL lipidome in three groups of women from the DIWA cohort; one control group, plus two groups with type 2 diabetes with insulin resistance; one dyslipidemic and one normolipidemic. The aim was to investigate whether dyslipidemia is required in addition to insulin resistance for the(More)
CONTEXT Coronary artery disease (CAD) is among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Traditional risk markers explain only a proportion of total cardiovascular risk. Thus, development and improvement of early diagnostic strategies and targeted initiation of preventive measures would be of great benefit. OBJECTIVE We aimed to identify(More)
2-Deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) is a structural analogue of glucose with well-established applications as an inhibitor of glycolysis and N-glycosylation. Importantly, 2DG has been shown to improve the efficacy of several cancer chemotherapeutic agents in vivo and thus it is in clinical studies in combination with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, although 2DG(More)
The molecular composition of phosphatidylcholines (PCs) in total lipid extracts was characterized by a combination of multiple precursor ion scanning on a hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer and MS3 fragmentation on an ion trap mass spectrometer. Precursor ion spectra for 50 acyl anion fragments of fatty acids (fatty acid scanning) acquired(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The weak relationship between insulin resistance and total serum triacylglycerols (TGs) could be in part due to heterogeneity of TG molecules and their distribution within different lipoproteins. We determined concentrations of individual TGs and the fatty acid composition of serum and major lipoprotein particles and analysed how changes in(More)