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We examined the dynamics of organic nitrogen (N) turnover in situ across a primary successional sequence in interior Alaska, USA, in an attempt to understand the magnitude of these fluxes in cold, seasonally frozen soils. Through a combination of soil extraction procedures and measurements of 13 C-enriched CO 2 efflux from soils amended in the field with 13(More)
We monitored populations of snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus, Erxleben) in interior Alaska for 10 years from 1999 to 2008. During this period, fall densities of hares fluctuated approximately 14-fold. High population growth rates over summer (l = 1.83–8.00) were followed by large population declines over winter (l = 0.16–0.82). Young-of-the-year hares(More)
Expression of the zinc finger transcription factor early growth response gene-1 (Egr-1) is triggered rapidly after mechanical vascular injury or after a precipitous drop in ambient oxygen, whereupon it induces the expression of diverse gene families to elicit a pathological response. Initially characterized as an early response transcriptional activator,(More)
Hypoxic induction of the early growth response-1 (Egr-1) transcription factor initiates proinflammatory and procoagulant gene expression. Orthotopic/isogeneic rat lung transplantation triggers Egr-1 expression and nuclear DNA binding activity corresponding to Egr-1, which leads to increased expression of downstream target genes such as interleukin-1β,(More)
The University of Michigan dioxin exposure study was undertaken to address concerns that the industrial discharge of dioxin-like compounds in the Midland, MI area had resulted in contamination of soils in the Tittabawassee River floodplain and downwind of the incinerator. The study was designed in a rigorously statistical manner comprising soil measurements(More)
Once released, norepinephrine is removed from cardiac synapses via reuptake into sympathetic nerves, whereas transmitter ATP is catabolized by ecto-NTP diphosphohydrolase 1 (E-NTPDase1)/CD39, an ecto-ATPase. Because ATP is known to modulate neurotransmitter release at prejunctional sites, we questioned whether this action may be ultimately controlled by the(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is characterized by accumulation of mature appearing lymphocytes and is rarely complicated by thrombosis. One possible explanation for the paucity of thrombotic events in these patients may be the presence of the ecto-nucleotidase CD39/NTDPase-1 on the surface of the malignant cells in CLL. CD39 is the major(More)
Several methods of packaging high speed (75-330 GHz) InP HEMT MMIC devices are discussed. Coplanar wirebonding is presented with measured insertion loss of less than 0.5 dB and return loss better than-17 dB from DC to 110 GHz. A motherboard / daughterboard packaging scheme is presented which supports minimum loss chains of MMICs using this coplanar(More)
—Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their cell surface receptor, RAGE, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Here, we studied the role of RAGE and expression of its proinflammatory ligands, EN-RAGEs (S100/calgranulins), in inflammatory events mediating cellular activation in diabetic tissue. Apolipoprotein E–null mice(More)
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