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Expression of the zinc finger transcription factor early growth response gene-1 (Egr-1) is triggered rapidly after mechanical vascular injury or after a precipitous drop in ambient oxygen, whereupon it induces the expression of diverse gene families to elicit a pathological response. Initially characterized as an early response transcriptional activator,(More)
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) elicits renin release from cardiac mast cells (MC), thus activating a local renin-angiotensin system (RAS), culminating in ventricular fibrillation. We hypothesized that in I/R, neurogenic ATP could degranulate juxtaposed MC and that ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 1/CD39 (CD39) on MC membrane could modulate(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their cell surface receptor, RAGE, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Here, we studied the role of RAGE and expression of its proinflammatory ligands, EN-RAGEs (S100/calgranulins), in inflammatory events mediating cellular activation in diabetic tissue. Apolipoprotein E-null mice(More)
Blood platelets maintain vascular integrity and promote primary and secondary hemostasis following interruption of vessel continuity. Biochemical or physical damage to coronary, carotid, or peripheral arteries promotes excessive platelet activation and recruitment culminating in vascular occlusion and tissue ischemia. Currently, inadequate therapeutic(More)
Hypoxic induction of the early growth response-1 (Egr-1) transcription factor initiates proinflammatory and procoagulant gene expression. Orthotopic/isogeneic rat lung transplantation triggers Egr-1 expression and nuclear DNA binding activity corresponding to Egr-1, which leads to increased expression of downstream target genes such as interleukin-1b,(More)
INTRODUCTION CD39/NTPDase-1 is a cell surface enzyme expressed on leukocytes and endothelial cells that metabolizes ATP to ADP and AMP. CD39 is expressed on numerous different types of normal leukocytes, but details of its expression have not been determined previously. METHODS We examined CD39 expression and activity in leukocytes isolated from healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is characterized by accumulation of mature appearing lymphocytes and is rarely complicated by thrombosis. One possible explanation for the paucity of thrombotic events in these patients may be the presence of the ecto-nucleotidase CD39/NTDPase-1 on the surface of the malignant cells in CLL. CD39 is the major(More)
Excessive nitric oxide (NO) production within the heart is implicated in the pathogenesis of myocyte death, but the mechanism whereby NO kills cardiac myocytes is not known. To determine whether NO may trigger programmed cell death (apoptosis) of adult rat ventricular myocytes in culture, the NO donor S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) was shown to kill(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a B-cell disorder, but it is also associated with abnormalities in T-lymphocyte function. In this study we examine changes in T-lymphocyte CD39 and CD73 expression in patients with CLL. METHODS Blood samples were drawn from 34 patients with CLL and 31 controls. The cells were stained for CD3, CD4, CD8,(More)
Once released, norepinephrine is removed from cardiac synapses via reuptake into sympathetic nerves, whereas transmitter ATP is catabolized by ecto-NTP diphosphohydrolase 1 (E-NTPDase1)/CD39, an ecto-ATPase. Because ATP is known to modulate neurotransmitter release at prejunctional sites, we questioned whether this action may be ultimately controlled by the(More)