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The ability of small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) to prevent thermal aggregation of other proteins may require disassembly and reassembly of sHSP oligomers. We investigated the role of changes in sHSP oligomerization by studying a mutant with reduced oligomeric stability. In HSP16.6, the single sHSP in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, the(More)
Small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) are dynamic oligomeric proteins that bind unfolding proteins and protect them from irreversible aggregation. This binding results in the formation of sHSP-substrate complexes from which substrate can later be refolded. Interactions between sHSP and substrate in sHSP-substrate complexes and the mechanism by which substrate(More)
The small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) are a ubiquitous class of ATP-independent chaperones believed to prevent irreversible protein aggregation and to facilitate subsequent protein renaturation in cooperation with ATP-dependent chaperones. Although sHSP chaperone activity has been studied extensively in vitro, understanding the mechanism of sHSP function(More)
Oligomerization is an essential property of small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) that appears to regulate their chaperone activity. We have examined the role of conserved hydrophobic residues that are postulated to stabilize sHSP oligomers. We identified a mutation of Synechocystis Hsp16.6 that impairs function in vivo and in vitro. The V143A mutation is in(More)
Here, we biochemically characterize Dictyostelium myosin II mutants that were previously phenotypically selected following random mutagenesis and shown to lie in the actin binding domain [Patterson, B., & Spudich, J. A. (1996) Genetics 143, 801-810]. We show that the conditional loss of myosin-dependent activity in vivo, which results from the mutations(More)
To investigate the mechanism of small heat shock protein (sHsp) function, unbiased by current models of sHsp chaperone activity, we performed a screen for mutations of Synechocystis Hsp16.6 that reduced the ability of the protein to provide thermotolerance in vivo. Missense mutations at 17 positions throughout the protein and a C-terminal truncation of 5 aa(More)
A critical step in the SOS response of Escherichia coli is the specific proteolytic cleavage of the LexA repressor. This reaction is catalyzed by an activated form of RecA, acting as a co-protease to stimulate the self-cleavage activity of LexA. This process has been reexamined in light of evidence that LexA is dimeric at physiological concentrations. We(More)
Besides acting as molecular chaperones, the amphitropic small heat shock proteins (sHsps) are suggested to play an additional role in membrane quality control. We investigated sHsp membrane function in the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PPC 6803 using mutants of the single sHsp from this organism, Hsp17. We examined mutants in the N-terminal arm,(More)
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This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part and in any form for educational or non-profit purposes without special permission from the copyright holder, provided acknowledgement of the source is made. UNEP and the authors would appreciate receiving a copy of any publication that uses this report as a source. No use of this publication may be made(More)
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