Kim B. Seroogy

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Serotonin (5-HT) mediates its effects on neurons in the central nervous system through a number of different receptor types. To gain better insight as to the localization of 5-HT responsive cells, the distribution of cells expressing mRNAs encoding the three 5-HT receptor subtypes 1A, 1C, and 2 was examined in rat brain with in situ hybridization using cRNA(More)
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U266, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 8600, Université René Descartes, Paris, France (B.P.R., F.N.); Royal Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (J.B.); Section on Behavioral Neuropharmacology, Experimental Therapeutics Branch, National Institute of Mental(More)
The adult brain contains small populations of neural precursor cells (NPC) that can give rise to new neurons and glia, and may play important roles in learning and memory, and recovery from injury. Growth factors can influence the proliferation, differentiation and survival of NPC, and may mediate responses of NPC to injury and environmental stimuli such as(More)
Studies of the trophic activities of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 indicate that both molecules support the survival of a number of different embryonic cell types in culture. We have shown that mRNAs for brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 are localized to specific ventral mesencephalic regions containing dopaminergic(More)
In the present article the fact is emphasized that neuropeptides often are located in the same neurons as classical transmitters such as acetylcholine, 5-hydroxy-tryptamine, catecholamines, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) etc. This raises the possibility that neurons produce, store and release more than the one messenger molecule. The exact functional role of(More)
Transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) interacts with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) to produce its biological effects. TGF alpha induces the proliferation and differentiation of central nervous system (CNS) astrocytes and pluripotent stem cells, as well as the survival and differentiation of postmitotic CNS neurons. Both TGF alpha and(More)
The documented trophic actions of the neurotrophins brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), and neurotrophin-4/5 (NT-4/5) upon ventral mesencephalic dopamine neurons in vitro and in vivo are presumed to be mediated through interactions with their high-affinity receptors TrkB (for BDNF and NT-4/5) and TrkC (for NT-3). Although both(More)
The neurotrophins brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and their receptors trkB and trkC, respectively, are expressed in the locus coeruleus (LC) and ventral tegmental area (VTA), brain regions known to be involved in opiate addiction. Previously, administration of exogenous neurotrophins has been shown to oppose effects of(More)
Previous studies have suggested that the neurotrophins brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) are neuroprotective or neurotrophic for certain subpopulations of hippocampal neurons following various brain insults. In the present study, the expression of BDNF and NT-3 mRNAs in rat hippocampus was examined after traumatic brain(More)
Neurologic diseases often are accompanied by significant life stress and consequent increases in stress hormone levels. Glucocorticoid stress hormones are known to have deleterious interactions with neurodegenerative processes and are hypersecreted in neurologic disorders and comorbid psychiatric conditions. This review highlights the current state of(More)