Kim Anker Kristiansen

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The metabolism of aerobic organisms continuously produces reactive oxygen species. Although potentially toxic, these compounds also function in signaling. One important feature of signaling compounds is their ability to move between different compartments, e.g. to cross membranes. Here we present evidence that aquaporins can channel hydrogen peroxide(More)
Regulation of the trans-plasma membrane pH gradient is an important part of plant responses to several hormonal and environmental cues, including auxin, blue light, and fungal elicitors. However, little is known about the signaling components that mediate this regulation. Here, we report that an Arabidopsis thaliana Ser/Thr protein kinase, PKS5, is a(More)
The mitochondrial ribosomal large subunit (Ls) DNA was used to identify the orchid mycorrhizal fungi found in roots of Dactylorhiza majalis. The gene was amplified using DNA extracted from single pelotons obtained from fresh and silica gel dried roots. Furthermore, sequencing a variety of well-characterized orchid isolates expanded the fungal database of(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) develop as a consequence of wounding, light stress and chemical imbalances but act also as signals in living cells. The integrity of cells is seriously endangered, if ROS cannot be controlled by scavenging molecules and other repair mechanisms of the cell. For studying ROS development and signalling under stress, a reliable(More)
We here apply a previously described method for identification of single peloton orchid mycorrhiza to a key orchid group and extend the usefulness in the heterobasidiomycetes of an existing fungal database for identification of mycorrhizal fungi. We amplified and sequenced mitochondrial ribosomal large subunit DNA from fungi in roots of Neuwiedia(More)
Naturally occurring seedlings of Neuwiedia veratrifolia were found in three localities in Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia. Seedlings consisted of an irregular oblong protocorm and a terminal leafy rooted shoot. Protocorms contained mycotrophic tissue of the kind typical of orchid mycorrhiza (tolypophagy). This finding demonstrates an important synapomorphy between(More)
Glucosinolates are amino acid-derived secondary metabolites with diverse biological activities dependent on chemical modifications of the side chain. Five flavin-monooxygenases FMO(GS-OX1-5) have recently been identified as aliphatic glucosinolate side chain modification enzymes in Arabidopsis thaliana that catalyse the generation of methylsulphinylalkyl(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is linked to neurogenic inflammation and to migraine. Activation of the trigeminovascular system plays a prominent role during migraine attacks with the release of CGRP. The trigeminal ganglion (TG) contains three main cell types: neurons, satellite glial cells (SGC) and Schwann cells; the first two have before been(More)
Osteocytes are considered the primary mechanosensors of bone, but the signaling pathways they apply in mechanotransduction are still incompletely investigated and characterized. A growing body of data strongly indicates that P2 receptor signaling among osteoblasts and osteoclasts has regulatory effects on bone remodeling. Therefore, we hypothesized that ATP(More)
Anja T. Fuglsang,a,1 Yan Guo,b,1,2 Tracey A. Cuin,c Quansheng Qiu,b Chunpeng Song,b Kim A. Kristiansen,a Katrine Bych,a Alexander Schulz,a Sergey Shabala,c Karen S. Schumaker,b Michael G. Palmgren,a,3 and Jian-Kang Zhub,4 a Department of Plant Biology, University of Copenhagen, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark b Department of Plant Sciences, University of(More)