Kilarkaje Narayana

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Cisplatin (cis-diaminedichloroplatinum-II) is a widely used antineoplastic agent in the treatment of a variety of cancers. The aim of the present study was to investigate the testicular toxicity of cisplatin in mice at human therapeutic dose-levels, and to investigate any protective effects of concomitantly administered l-ascorbic acid (i.p.; 10 mg/kg).(More)
Ribavirin (1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1, 2, 4-triazole-3-Carboxamide) is a potent inhibitor of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, used widely as an antiviral drug. Although it has been reported as a teratogen, its effect on spermatogenesis is not known. Male Wistar rats were segregated into 24 groups of 5 in each. Six groups were treated with water, 6 groups(More)
Ribavirin (1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4, triazole-3 carboxamide) is a broad-spectrum antiviral drug. This study was aimed to investigate the mutagenicity of ribavirin on germ cells by employing sperm morphology assay. Male Wistar rats were treated with water, cyclophosphamide (CP) 40 mg/kg, and ribavirin 20, 100 and 200 mg/kg (i.p.) for 5 consecutive days(More)
Gentamycin (GS) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic used to treat infections of various Gram-negative organisms. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of GS on oxidative stress, antioxidant levels, testicular structure and sperm parameters in the rat. Adult Wistar rats (12 week old; N=7/group) were treated (i. p.) with 0 mg/kg, 3 mg/kg and 5(More)
A ubiquitous environmental toxicant - lead is known to affect several organ systems. This study was designed to investigate the effects of lead nitrate exposure on liver structure and DNA fragmentation. Adult male Wistar rats were treated orally with lead nitrate at the dose levels of 0%, 0.5% and 1% for 60 days and sacrificed on the next day. The liver was(More)
Cisplatin-based chemotherapy regimens are preferred in the treatment of a variety of cancers. The present study investigated early cumulative molecular effects of therapeutic dose-levels of bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin (BEP) in the testis and their modulation by an antioxidant cocktail (AO). Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (N=7/group [G]) were treated(More)
Mechanisms of cytotoxicity of an antiviral drug, ribavirin was studied in the rat bone marrow and testis. Ribavirin at the dose levels of 20, 100 and 200 mg/kg was treated (i.p.) either as single (for bone marrow) or 5 (for testis) treatments. Bone marrow smears were obtained at 24, 48 and 72 h following the exposure and stained with the(More)
The genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of the antiviral drug, ribavirin, was studied in rat bone marrow by employing the micronucleus assay. Ribavirin in doses of 10, 15, 20, 30, 50, 75, 100 and 200 mg/kg, and cyclophosphamide (CP) 40 mg/kg (only for sex-difference study) were injected intraperitoneally. Bone marrow was collected at 24 h and 48 h following the(More)
Methyl parathion (MP; o,o-dimethyl o-4-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate) is an organophosphorous pesticide used world wide to spray agricultural crops. The present study was aimed to investigate the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects on male germ cells and their possible relation with testicular ascorbic acid levels. Adult male Wistar rats (n=5/group) received MP(More)
Methyl parathion (MP) is an organophosphate pesticide used in agriculture, but also illegally used to spray homes and businesses to control insects. The present study was designed to investigate adverse effects of MP on accessory reproductive organs. Male Wistar rats aged 13-14 weeks were treated and sacrificed as follows. Experiment 1: 0.0 (water vehicle),(More)