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Fulicin (Phe-D-Asn-Glu-Phe-Val-NH2) is a neuropeptide from ganglia of the African giant snail (Achatina fulica). Previously, the sequences of nine fulicin gene-related peptides (FGRP-1 to -9) have been predicted from the cDNA encoding the ganglia fulicin precursor and the transcripts have been detectable in the heart. We synthesized twenty peptides related(More)
Two novel neuropeptides, urechistachykinin I (H-Leu-Arg-Gln-Ser-Gln-Phe-Val-Gly-Ser-Arg-NH2) and urechistachykinin II (H-Ala-Ala-Gly-Met-Gly-Phe-Phe-Gly-Ala-Arg-NH2), were isolated from the ventral nerve cords of the echiuroid worm, Urechis unicinctus. These peptides showed a contractile action on the inner circular body-wall muscle of the animal. Their(More)
1. Effects of the molluscan neuropeptide APGW-amide and related compounds (the crustacean hormone RPCH, FAPGW-amide, PGW-amide, GW-amide and W-amide) were examined in several kinds of molluscan muscles. 2. All the compounds, except W-amide, showed qualitatively similar modulatory effects on contraction or relaxation of the muscles. The potency order of the(More)
A novel bioactive tetradecapeptide, GFKDGAADRISHGFamide, was isolated from the gut of the oligochaete annelid, Eisenia foetida, using the isolated anterior gut (crop-gizzard) as a bioassay system. A highly homologous peptide, GFRDGSADRISHGFamide, was also purified from the whole body of another species of earthworm, Pheretima vittata. These peptides were(More)
We have recently isolated a myoactive peptide, called leech excitatory peptide, belonging to the GGNG peptide family from two species of leeches, Hirudo nipponia and Whitmania pigra. Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization were employed to localize leech excitatory peptide-like peptide(s) and its gene expression in the central nervous system of W.(More)
Effects of myoactive tetradecapeptides, Achatina excitatory peptide 2 and 3 (AEP2 and AEP3) and Fusinus excitatory peptide 4 (FEP4), on several molluscan muscles and neurons were investigated. In the penis retractor and radula retractor muscles of Achatina fulica (pulmonate), the three peptides enhanced the tetanic contraction elicited by nerve(More)
A member of the GGNG peptide family was isolated from Hirudo nipponia (leech). GGNG peptides had only been isolated previously from earthworms. The C-terminus structure of the leech peptide, LEP (leech excitatory peptide), was -Gly-Gly-Asn-amide, while that of the earthworm peptides, EEP (earthworm excitatory peptide), was -Gly-Gly-Asn-Gly. LEP exerted(More)
APGWamide (L-Ala-L-Pro-Gly-L-Trp-NH2) was purified from the ganglia of an African giant snail (Achatina fulica Ferussac). This peptide inhibited (hyperpolarized) more than half of the Achatina neurone types tested. This produced an outward current with the membrane conductance increase of RAPN (right anterior pallial neurone) under voltage clamp. The ED50(More)
Annetocin is an earthworm oxytocin-related peptide that we previously isolated from the whole body of a lumbricid earthworm Eisenia foetida. We have reported that annetocin induces egg-laying-like behaviors in E. foetida and a gnathobdellid leech, Whitmania pigra, when it is injected into the respective animals. The present study was undertaken to probe(More)
Annetocin, an oxytocin-related peptide which we isolated from the earthworm Eisenia foetida, induced a series of egg-laying-related behaviors in the earthworms. These stereotyped behaviors consisted of well-defined rotatory movements, characteristic body-shape changes, and mucous secretion from the clitellum. Each of these behaviors is known to be(More)