Kikuo Nomoto

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It has been reported that restraint stress gives rise to various immunosuppressive events. In the present study, we focused our interest on an early stage of the host-defense system in which granulocytes, macrophages and natural killer (NK) cells are involved. We observed that an elevation of endogenous glucocorticoid levels in mice induced by 24(More)
One type of emotional behavior called restlessness occurs when the anteromedial hypothalamus is stimulated in cats. We examined the changes in the distribution and surface expression of adhesion molecules in leukocytes accompanied with restlessness. Mature female cats were used for this study. The cats were stimulated with 60 Hz sine wave train pulses(More)
When C3H (H-2k, Mls-1b) mice were primed intravenously with 10(8) viable spleen cells from AKR (H-2k, Mls-1a) and treated intraperitoneally with 200 mg/kg of cyclophosphamide (CP) 2 d later, not only a long-lasting skin allograft tolerance but also a tolerance in mixed lymphocyte reaction to Mls-1a-encoded antigens was established. The cellular mechanisms(More)
Negative selection is a process to delete potentially autoreactive clones in developing thymocytes. Programmed cell death or apoptosis is thought to play an important role in this selection process. In this study, we investigated the role of apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 (Apaf1), a mammalian homologue of CED-4, in programmed cell death during the(More)
Transplantation of bone marrow cells of lpr/lpr mice into irradiated normal mice fails to develop massive lymphadenopathy or autoimmunity but causes severe graft-vs.-host-like syndrome. To elucidate an abnormality of lpr/lpr bone marrow-derived T cells, we transplanted bone marrow cells of Mlsb lpr/lpr mice into H-2-compatible Mlsa non-lpr mice. Although(More)
Most T cells develop through the thymus, where they undergo positive and negative selection. Some peripheral T cells are known to develop in the absence of thymus, but there is insufficient information about their selection. To analyze the selection of extrathymically developed T cells, we reconstituted thymectomized male or female recipient mice with bone(More)
In this study, a murine model of Listeria monocytogenes infection was used to investigate effects of restraint stress (RST) on host defense. We observed that the L. monocytogenes infection as well as RST induced an elevation of endogenous corticosterone (CORT) levels and RST synergistically enhanced endogenous CORT levels during the listerial infection. RST(More)
A pure method of drug (cyclophosphamide plus busulfan)-induced skin allograft tolerance in mice that can regularly overcome fully H-2-mismatched barriers in mice has been established. The components of the method are i.v. administration of 1 x 108 allogeneic spleen cells on day 0, i.p. injection of 200 mg/kg CP and 25 mg/kg busulfan on day 2, and i.v.(More)
Flt3 ligand (FL) dramatically increases the number of immunostimulatory dendritic cells (DC) and their precursors in bone marrow (BM) and secondary lymphoid tissues. Herein we tested the ability of FL-mobilized donor hemopoietic cells to promote induction of skin graft tolerance across full MHC barriers. C57BL/10 (B10; H2(b), IE(-)) mice were given 10(8)(More)
We have previously reported the sequential mechanisms of cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced tolerance. Permanent acceptance of donor skin graft is readily induced in the MHC-matched and minor Ag-mismatched recipients after treatment with donor spleen cells and CP. In the present study, we have elucidated the roles of NKT cells in CP-induced skin allograft(More)