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Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) is one of the most popular distributed cluster-based routing protocols in wireless sensor networks. Clustering algorithm of the LEACH is simple but offers no guarantee about even distribution of cluster heads over the network. And it assumes that each cluster head transmits data to sink over a single hop. In(More)
A Web-oriented architecture using REST framework is proposed to enable warehouse objects to communicate over the Web. In the proposed mechanism, the smart warehouse consists of a data collection module and an administrative module. The former includes a collection of radio-frequency identification sensors to read RFID tags of the products, wireless sensors(More)
Typically, sensor networks consist of fixed sensor nodes. Sometimes, creating such a fixed sensor networks could be a daunting task. Sensor nodes assume deploying a stationary sensor network over a dangerous area such as a battlefield. Even if an advanced method to make the deployment safer is used, diverse element will cause a coverage holes. Even though(More)
Energy consumption is one of the most crucial issues in wireless sensor networks since sensor nodes are commonly battery-driven. Recently, several aggregation methods have been proposed to save energy by reducing the number of transmissions from source to the sink. They assumed a single sink for aggregation of data. In this paper, we propose an aggregation(More)
Wireless sensor networks have many sensor nodes with a limited energy in a limited area. One of key issues in wireless sensor networks is to prolong the network lifetime. In this paper, we propose a scheme to construct an energy-efficient cluster structure in wireless sensor networks. Our scheme considers both the residual energy of sensor nodes and the(More)
Existing routing protocols such as AODV were used to simplify the shortest path metric. It assumes that all link quality must be the same. It does not consider link quality such as bandwidth, packet loss rate, packet size, etc. Several performance metrics that consider different link quality for WMNs such as ETX and ETT. Although, these metrics can provide(More)
A Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) is actually a set of nodes which are self-configured and organized dynamically. Furthermore, nodes can communicate with each other without any fixed infrastructure as the base stations. The Ad-hoc On demand Distance Vector (AODV) is the most typical reactive routing protocol in MANET. It has been extensively studied through(More)
Vertical handover management provides seamless connectivity in heterogeneous wireless networks. But still there are different challenges that need to be addressed. These challenges include the inappropriate network selection, wrong cell handover, etc. Therefore, in this article, we proposed a handover management scheme based on the data rate and QoS of(More)
The unlicensed incumbents must be offered seamless communications on other unused channels in TV white space. It must provide communication processes among competing users through the proper allocation of available resources. It is important to quickly organize a new network connection or to join to a new network rapidly. In this paper, we studied the(More)