Kihachiro Horiike

Learn More
In the study of chemical modification of proteins, it has been a common practice to plot the fractional remaining activity against the number of residues modified per protein molecule. Extrapolation of the initial, nearly linear portion of the curve to the axis giving numbers of residues has often been presumed to specify the actual number of critical(More)
Based on enzymatic activity, the localization and the identification of D-amino-acid oxidase-containing cells in rat whole brain was systematically studied in serial fixed sections. The oxidase activity was absent or scarce in the forebrain, was confined to the brain stem (midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata) and cerebellum, and its localization was(More)
Free D-serine distribution in vertebrate brains was investigated. In various brain regions of the lower vertebrate species, carp, frog and chick, free D-serine levels were low. On the contrary, in the mammals, mouse, rat and bull, the contents of free D-serine were high in the forebrain (around 400 nmol/g wet weight, and the ratio of D-serine to L-serine,(More)
Recent evidence has shown that D-aspartate modulates hormone secretion in the vertebral neuroendocrine system. Because only D-aspartate oxidase (DDO) can degrade D-aspartate, we determined DDO localisation in the pituitary and pineal glands to elucidate the control mechanisms of local D-aspartate concentration. Brain tissues and pituitary and pineal glands(More)
The localization of D-amino acid oxidase in rat cerebellum was systematically studied in serial fixed sections at the levels of both light and electron microscopy using a coupled peroxidation method based on the intensifying effect of nickel ions. Deposits were only seen in astrocytes and Bergmann glial cells, and not in neuronal components, endothelial(More)
Monoamine oxidase type A and type B are major neurotransmitter-degrading enzymes in the CNS. The type A is present on mitochondrial outer membranes in the whole extent of noradrenergic and dopaminergic neurons, including their axon terminals. The type B is present in serotonergic neurons, but its subcellular localization has not been elucidated. In the(More)
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity was examined in neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNC) of the rat using a histochemical method, and compared to MAO activity in neurons of the locus coeruleus (LC) and dorsal raphe nucleus (DR). Using dopamine as a substrate, dopamine-degrading MAO activity was not detected in any SNC neurons, although LC and DR(More)
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying switching from asexual to sexual reproduction, namely sexual induction, we developed an assay system for sexual induction in the hermaphroditic planarian species Dugesia ryukyuensis. Ovarian development is the initial and essential step in sexual induction, and it is followed by the formation of other(More)
Dopamine-degrading activity of monoamine oxidase (MAO) was detected in the rat using a new histochemical method, with dopamine as the substrate. Our new method, designed to minimise the non-enzymatic oxidation of dopamine, was applied in combination with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and serotonin immunohistochemistry. We showed that the distribution pattern of(More)
An established senescence-accelerated model mouse strain, SAMP8, shows the deterioration of learning and memory compared with a normal control strain, SAMR1. D-Serine binds to strychnine-insensitive glycine binding sites of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex, and enhances glutamate binding to the receptor complex. To investigate the(More)
  • 1