Kihachi Ohshima

Learn More
We have identified an unusual potential dual Akt/protein kinase B consensus phosphorylation motif in the protein Synip (RxKxRS(97)xS(99)). Surprisingly, serine 97 is not appreciably phosphorylated, whereas serine 99 is only a specific substrate for Akt2 but not Akt1 or Akt3. Although wild-type Synip (WT-Synip) undergoes an insulin-stimulated dissociation(More)
Insulin stimulation results in the activation of cyclin-dependent kinase-5 (CDK5) in lipid raft domains via a Fyn-dependent phosphorylation on tyrosine residue 15. In turn, activated CDK5 phosphorylates the Rho family GTP-binding protein TC10alpha on threonine 197 that is sensitive to the CDK5 inhibitor olomoucine and blocked by small interfering(More)
To determine the downstream signaling pathways regulated by betacellulin (BTC) in comparison with epidermal growth factor (EGF), we used Chinese hamster ovary cells overexpressing the human EGF receptor (ErbB1/EGFR). The overall time-dependent activation of EGFR autophosphorylation was identical in cells treated with 1 nm BTC or 1.5 nm EGF. Analysis of(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) stimulation of skeletal muscle, cultured myotubes, and 3T3L1 adipocytes results in glucose transporter 4 (Glut4) translocation, albeit to a reduced level compared with insulin. To address the mechanism of PDGF action, we have determined that the Syntaxin 4 negative regulatory protein, Munc18c, undergoes PDGF-stimulated(More)
Screening of medical students and international students for tuberculosis (TB) at the time of admission is a key strategy to control and prevent the spread of infection on university campus and teaching hospitals because of the high risk of exposure to TB patients. The Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigen-specific T-cell interferon-γ release assays (IGRAs)(More)
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), a peptide released from the intestines after meals, is thought to stimulate insulin secretion. GIP receptor cDNA has recently been cloned and its mRNA has been recognized in several organs including the pituitary, but the physiological roles of GIP receptors of the pituitary have yet to be determined. We(More)
Nucleobindin-2 is a 420 amino acid EF-hand Ca²⁺ binding protein that can be further processed to generate an 82 amino terminal peptide termed Nesfatin-1. To examine the function of secreted Nucleobindin-2 in adipocyte differentiation, cultured 3T3-L1 cells were incubated with either 0 or 100 nM of GST, GST-Nucleobindin-2, prior to and during the initiation(More)
The mechanism of TNF-α-induced insulin resistance has remained unresolved with evidence for down-regulation of insulin effector targets effects or blockade of proximal as well as distal insulin signaling events depending upon the dose, time, and cell type examined. To address this issue we examined the acute actions of TNF-α in differentiated 3T3L1(More)
Although syntaxin 1 is generally thought to function as the primary target-N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor required for pancreatic beta cell insulin secretion, we have observed that overexpression of a dominant-interfering syntaxin 4 mutant (syntaxin 4/DeltaTM) attenuated glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in betaHC-9 cells.(More)
Previously we identified an unusual potential dual Akt/protein kinase B consensus phosphorylation motif in the protein Synip (RxKxRS(97)xS(99)) with serine 99 as a unique Akt2, but not Akt1 or for Akt3, substrate phosphorylation site. Although we have previously reported that serine 99 to phenylalanine (S99F-Synip) resulted in a constitutive inhibition of(More)