Continuous analysis of two dyes loaded into single mammalian cells using laser-based lysis combined with electrophoretic separation was developed and characterized on microfluidic chips. The devices employed hydrodynamic flow to transport cells to a junction where they were mechanically lysed by a laser-generated cavitation bubble. An electric field then… (More)
Hydrogels are an increasingly important class of medical device materials that enable diverse and unique function, but can also be subject to significant biofouling and contamination. Although it is challenging to accurately quantify protein biofouling in hydrogels, spectroscopic detection of fluorescently labeled proteins is one method with the potential… (More)
Protein-reinforced supported bilayer membranes (rSBMs) composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC), biotin-PE and Neutravidin were used to coat hybrid microchips composed of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and glass. Since the coatings required a freshly oxidized, hydrophilic substrate, a novel method to rapidly connect reservoirs using plasma oxidation was first… (More)
We report the microfluidic fabrication of robust and fluid tethered bilayer arrays within a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) chip, and demonstrate its addressability and biosensing by incorporating the GM1 receptor into the bilayer framework for detection of cholera toxin. Rapid optimization of the experimental conditions is achieved by using nanoglassified… (More)
Burock MA, Dale AM. Estimation and detection of event-related fMRI signals with temporally correlated noise: a statistically efficient and unbiased approach. Buxton RB, Frank LR: A model for coupling between cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism during neural stimulation.