Kianoush Sheykholeslami

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The human vestibule has preserved an ancestral sound sensitivity and it has been suggested that a reflex could originate from this property underlying cervical muscle micro-contractions secondary to strong acoustic stimulation. Previous studies have established that an early component of loud sound-evoked myogenic potentials from the sternocleidomastoid(More)
Auditory neuropathy is characterized by mild-to-moderate pure-tone hearing loss, poor speech discrimination out of proportion with this loss, absent or abnormal auditory brainstem responses and normal outer hair cell function as measured by otoacoustic emissions and cochlear microphonics. We followed three patients in our clinic whom we classified as(More)
The aim of this study was to show that bone-conducted clicks and short tone bursts (STBs) can evoke myogenic potentials from the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) and that these responses are of vestibular origin. Evoked potential responses to bone-conducted auditory stimuli were recorded from the SCMs of 20 normal volunteers and from 12 patients with(More)
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors are of interest for cochlear gene therapy because of their ability to mediate the efficient transfer and long-term stable expression of therapeutic genes in a wide variety of postmitotic tissues with minimal vector-related cytotoxicity. In the present study, seven AAV serotypes (AAV1-5, 7, 8) were used to(More)
Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) occurring in cervical muscles after intense sound stimulation conducted by air or bone are thought to be a polysynaptic response of otolith-vestibular nerve origin. We report the results of an experiment to investigate whether acoustic stimulation of the saccule by bone conduction produces VEMPs in which(More)
Since standard aminoglycoside treatment progressively causes hearing disturbance with hair cell degeneration, systemic use of the drugs is limited. Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-based vectors have been of great interest because they mediate stable transgene expression in a variety of postmitotic cells with minimal toxicity. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Vestibular hearing in human is evoked as a result of the auditory sensitivity of the saccule to low-frequency high-intensity tone. The objective was to investigate the relationship between vestibular hearing using cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs) and speech processing via word recognition scores in white noise (WRSs in wn).(More)
Severe hyperbilirubinemia often results in hearing loss. Behavioral audiometry, auditory-evoked brainstem responses (ABRs) and otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) were performed in three such patients in an attempt to localize the pathophysiology of this hearing loss. Behavioral audiometric findings in these patients (all male, 4, 15 and 25 years old) ranged from(More)
This report examines temporal features of facilitation and suppression that underlie spectrally integrative responses to complex vocal signals. Auditory responses were recorded from 160 neurons in the inferior colliculus (IC) of awake mustached bats. Sixty-two neurons showed combination-sensitive facilitation: responses to best frequency (BF) signals were(More)
In an effort to examine the rules by which information of bilaterally applied bone-conducted signals arising from interaural time differences (ITD) and interaural intensity differences (IID) is combined, data were measured for continuous 500 Hz narrow band noise at 65-70 dB HL in 11 patients with bilateral congenital aural atresia. Time-intensity trading(More)