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In patients with advanced rectal cancer (cUICC II and III) multimodality therapy resulted in better long-term local tumor control. Ongoing clinical trials are focusing on therapy intensification to improve disease-free (DFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS), the integration of biomarkers for prediction of individual recurrence risk, and the identification(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess outcomes and indications in a large cohort of patients who underwent liver transplantation (LT) for liver metastases (LM) from neuroendocrine tumors (NET) over a 27-year period. BACKGROUND LT for NET remains controversial due to the absence of clear selection criteria and the scarcity and heterogeneity of(More)
BACKGROUND Multidisciplinary discussion of the treatment of patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) is advocated currently. The aim of this study was to investigate medical oncologists' and surgeons' assessment of resectability and indication for chemotherapy, and the effect of an educational intervention on such assessment. METHODS Medical(More)
PURPOSE Preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is supposed not only to reduce lymph node metastases but also lymph node recovery in rectal cancer specimens. The objective of this prospective study was to determine the effects of chemoradiation on mesorectal lymph node retrieval under terms of a meticulous histopathological evaluation. METHODS Specimens from(More)
INTRODUCTION After neoadjuvant chemoradiation (CRT), the pathologic determined lymph node (LN) status is the most important prognostic factor in rectal cancer patients. Here we assessed the prognostic impact of residual LN micrometastases (<0.2 cm) and the intramesorectal distribution of LN metastases. PATIENTS AND METHODS Surgical specimens from 81(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common liver-derived malignancy with a high fatality rate. Risk factors for the development of HCC have been identified and are clearly described. However, due to the lack of tumor-specific symptoms, HCC are diagnosed at progressed tumor stages in most patients, and thus curative therapeutic options are limited.(More)
PURPOSE Valid molecular markers need to be implemented in clinical trials to fulfill the demand of a risk-adapted and more individualized multimodal therapy of locally advanced primary rectal cancer. In this study, the expression of the inhibitor-of-apoptosis (IAP) protein survivin was evaluated in pretreatment biopsies and corresponding posttreatment(More)
PURPOSE For years, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has been the backbone of radiochemotherapy (RCT) of locally advanced rectal cancer. Its main target, thymidylate synthase (TS), is speculated to be an important biomarker for response prediction and long-term prognosis. In this study, we analyzed TS expression in the rectal cancer tissue of 208 patients to evaluate(More)
PURPOSE Bilobar colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) are often considered incurable or associated with poor prognosis even after R0 resection. In this single-center study, we evaluate the impact of CRLM spreading on recurrence-free survival (RFS) and cancer-specific overall survival (CSS) after R0 resection of CRLM with respect to multimodal treatment(More)
Liver metastasis development in breast cancer patients is common and confers a poor prognosis. So far, the prognostic significance of surgical resection and clinical relevance of biomarker analysis in metastatic tissue have barely been investigated. We previously demonstrated an impact of WNT signaling in breast cancer brain metastasis. This study aimed to(More)