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Osteoporosis is influenced by genetic factors. The interindividual variability in the activity of CYP3A, the metabolic enzyme of sex hormones, may result from genetic polymorphisms. In a study of 2,178 women of ages 40-79 years, the presence of the CYP3A4*18 variant was found to be significantly associated with low bone mass. In vitro functional analyses(More)
An ideal gene carrier requires both safety and transfection efficiency. Polyethylenimine (PEI) is a well-known cationic polymer, which has high transfection efficiency owing to its buffering capacity. But it has been reported that PEI is cytotoxic in many cell lines and non-degradable. In this study, we synthesized degradable PEI-alt-poly(ethylene glycol)(More)
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) prevents bone loss in postmenopausal women, but some women are resistant to therapy. A recently reported case of severe estrogen resistance caused by a germline mutation at the estrogen receptor (ER) gene locus suggests the possibility that other variants of the ER gene could be responsible for resistance to HRT and could(More)
The major soy isoflavones are daidzin and genistin, the glycoside conjugates of daidzein (DZ) and genistein (GTN). After ingestion, they are metabolized into diverse compounds in the gut. The marked inter-individual variation has been suggested in their metabolism. The clinical effects may be modulated by the metabolic ability to produce a more potent(More)
Cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis are thought to share common risk factors, and metabolic syndrome (MS) is composed of major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This study was performed to investigate the relationships between specific MS components and bone mineral density (BMD). BMD was measured at the femoral neck of Korean men aged 40 years(More)
Estrogen is known to play a critical role in both skeletal maturity and the rate of bone loss. This suggests the possibility that the estrogen receptor (ER) gene is one of the candidate genes that determines peak bone density and/or bone turnover rate. We investigated two established restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) in intron 1 at the ER(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE CYP3A, the drug-metabolizing enzyme is an important factor in the pharmacokinetics of many drugs. Polymorphism of the CYP3A5 gene is known to influence the functionality of the CYP3A5 enzymes. The full extent of CYP3A5 genetic polymorphism was analysed in a Korean population. METHODS Specific polymerase chain reaction-restriction(More)
Monocytes are recruited from the circulation into the subendothelial space where they differentiate into mature macrophages and internalize modified lipoproteins to become lipid-laden foam cells. The accumulation of monocytes is mediated by the interaction of locally produced chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) with its receptor CCR2. The objective of the(More)
Variation in drug response to hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may reflect genetic heterogeneity in the estrogen-related genes, possibly including estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) gene. However, only a few association studies of the drug response to HRT have been reported, focusing mainly on the intronic polymorphisms of the ERalpha gene. We therefore(More)
Circulating osteoclast precursor cells highly express CX3C chemokine receptor 1 (CX3CR1), which is the only receptor for the unique CX3C membrane-anchored chemokine, fractalkine (CX3CL1). An irradiated murine model was used to evaluate the role of the CX3CL1-CX3CR1 axis in osteoclast recruitment and osteoclastogenesis. Ionizing radiation (IR) promoted the(More)