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BACKGROUND Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to play an important role in poststroke recovery. BDNF secretion is influenced by genetic and epigenetic profiles. This study aimed to investigate whether BDNF val66met polymorphism and promoter methylation status were associated with outcomes at two weeks and one year after stroke. (More)
OBJECTIVES Inflammatory cytokines are implicated in the pathophysiology of both stroke and depression, and their production is influenced by the transcriptional activity of particular gene polymorphisms. We hypothesised that alleles related to higher pro-inflammatory and/or lower anti-inflammatory cytokine production would be associated with post-stroke(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of serum and CSF adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity for the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) from other meningitis. METHODS We studied CSF and serum ADA activity for 83 cases of TBM, 148 of bacterial meningitis (BM), and 262 of viral or aseptic meningitis. RESULTS The mean ADA activities (IU/L) in CSF and(More)
To assess trends of public attitudes toward epilepsy in Korea, two surveys were performed in the same village using a common questionnaire before and after the schedule of public education on epilepsy. Cross-sectional studies were conducted by means of a door-to-door interview, in which all residents over 19 yr of age living in the survey area were(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been investigated as candidate genes for post-stroke depression (PSD). Serotonin 2a receptor (5-HTR2a) genes have not been yet investigated in PSD. This study aimed to investigate whether the 5-HTT, 5-HTR2a, and BDNF genes are associated with PSD(More)
The antioxidant properties of alpha-lipoic acid (aLA) correlate with its ability to promote neuroproliferation. However, there have been no comprehensive studies examining the neurorestorative effects of aLA administration after the onset of ischemia. The middle cerebral artery (MCA) of adult rats was occluded for 2 hours and then reperfused. aLA (20 mg/kg)(More)
BACKGROUND Mood disorder is a frequent complication of stroke. Comorbid depressive and anxiety disorders are very common, indicating that it is advisable to assess both disorders at the same time. The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of post-stroke depression (PSD) and poststroke anxiety (PSA) at baseline and to evaluate factors(More)
Cerebral lipiodol embolism is a rare complication of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). Its pathological mechanism remains ambiguous despite several investigations. In Case 1, a 67-year-old man with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) experienced neurological deficits soon after undergoing a fourth session of TACE. Computed tomography (CT) scan(More)
Non-contrast enhanced computed tomography (NCCT) is usually performed to estimate bleeding complications immediately after procedures. However, hyperdense areas on NCCT have not yet been understood; different interpretations have been reported in the literature. It remains unclear whether NCCT performed immediately after intra-arterial revascularization(More)
Characteristics of stroke cases, acute stroke care, and outcomes after stroke differ according to geographical and cultural background. To provide epidemiological and clinical data on stroke care in South Korea, we analyzed a prospective multicenter clinical stroke registry, the Clinical Research Center for Stroke-Fifth Division (CRCS-5). Patients were 58%(More)