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To determine whether Penaeus chinensis can be protected against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection by intramuscular injection with long double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs) as in other shrimp species and whether the protection degree by WSSV-specific dsRNAs is correlated with the roles of viral genes, P. chinensis juveniles were intramuscularly injected(More)
Complementary DNAs encoding copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn-SOD; SOD1) and manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD; SOD2) were isolated from disk abalone, Haliotis discus discus. The open reading frame sequences of Cu/Zn- and Mn-SODs encoded 154 and 226 amino acids, respectively. Multiple sequence alignments using the deduced amino acid sequences(More)
In the course of identifying scuticociliates recently obtained from systemically infected olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus in Korea, we found a scuticociliate species whose small subunit ribosomal RNA (SS rRNA) gene was not amplified by species-specific primers previously designed for Uronema marinum and Pseudocohnilembus persalinus. By studying(More)
Novel metallothionein (MT) complementary DNA and genomic sequences were isolated from a cartilaginous shark species, Scyliorhinus torazame. The full-length open reading frame (ORF) of shark MT cDNA encoded 68 amino acids with a high cysteine content (29%). The genomic ORF sequence (932 bp) of shark MT isolated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) comprised 3(More)
The full-length cDNA sequence of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) from the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, was determined by using PCR with primers designed from known fish IL-1beta sequences followed by elongation of the 5' and 3' ends using Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends (RACE). The cDNA contains a 92-bp 5' untranslated region (UTR), a single open(More)
A new Myxosporea, Kudoa paralichthys n. sp., is described from the brain of cultured olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus in South Korea. Mature spores were quadrate in apical view, measuring 5.19 +/- 0.54 microm in length, 8.23 +/- 0.50 microm in width, and 6.87 +/- 0.45 microm in thickness. Four valves were equal in size, each with 1 polar capsule. Polar(More)
In the present study, Pseudocohnilembus persalinus was first reported as a species causing scuticociliatosis in olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Based on the stained specimens, P. persalinus was clearly differentiated from Uronema marinum, which has been shown to be a cause of scuticociliatosis in farmed olive flounder in Korea from its characteristic(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES It is unclear which plaque component is related with long-term clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery occlusive disease (CAOD). We assessed the relationship between plaque compositions and long-term clinical outcomes in those patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The study subjects consisted of 339 consecutive patients (mean(More)
Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) has been recognized as an invariant internal control for various gene expression studies due to its classical housekeeping role in the glycolytic metabolism. However recently, this enzyme has been proven to be a multifunctional protein involved in diverse non-glycolytic activities. In the present study, two(More)