Ki Cecia Chan

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We report on the use of a frequency-modulated continuous-wave technique for multiplexing optical fiber gas sensors. The sensor network is of a ladder topology and is interrogated by a tunable laser. The system performance in terms of detection sensitivity and cross talk between sensors was investigated and found to be limited by coherent mixing between(More)
The Visible Genetics Clipper sequencer is a new platform for automated DNA sequencing which employs disposable MicroCel cassettes and 50 microm thick polyacrylamide gels. Two DNA ladders can be analyzed simultaneously in each of 16 lanes on a gel, after labeling with far-red absorbing dyes such as Cy5 and Cy5.5. This allows a simultaneous bidirectional(More)
Composite resin surfaces that formed against a plastic matrix or that polymerized while exposed to air were excellent substrates for the adhesion of new resin. Samples formed by the addition of composite resin to a cut surface had a tensile strength of one half of the cohesive strength of the resin. Coating the cut surface with a thin layer of unfilled(More)
In this bench study, coffee and soy sauce stained composite resin restorations to a significantly greater degree than did tea or cola beverage. Generally, the greatest degree of staining with all samples occurred during the first week of the study time. The stain penetration was superficial and was estimated to be 5 mu or less.
Interfacial bond strengths of light-activated composites were measured as a function of age using a transverse strength test. Bond strength between layers decreased with the age of the initial layer and reflected the setting curves of the composites. The highly-filled composites exhibited the greatest bond strengths. Uncut surfaces provided a better(More)
The discoloration of enamel caused by food substances was found to be superficial and for dentin and cementum ingressive. Discoloration of cementum exceeded that of dentin, and dentin stained more than enamel. Coffee and soy sauce stained the calcified dental tissues more than the cola beverage and tea. The longer the staining time, the deeper was the(More)
The strength of bonding of dental composites to enamel was measured in shear. The compressive strength, proportional limit, elastic modulus, and tensile strength of the composites were measured for correlation with the bond strength. Conventional and microfilled composites with a range of filler concentrations were studied. The densities of the composites(More)