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The inner ear has fluid-filled compartments of different ionic compositions, including the endolymphatic and perilymphatic spaces of the organ of Corti; the separation from one another by epithelial barriers is required for normal hearing. TRIC encodes tricellulin, a recently discovered tight-junction (TJ) protein that contributes to the structure and(More)
We identified a homozygous missense mutation (c.196G-->T) in fibroblast growth factor 3 (FGF3) in 21 affected individuals from a large extended consanguineous Saudi family, phenotypically characterized by autosomal recessive syndromic congenital sensorineural deafness, microtia and microdontia. All affected family members are descendents of a common(More)
Hearing impairment is the common human sensorineural disorder and is a genetically heterogeneous phenotype for which more than 100 genomic loci have been mapped so far. ILDR1 located on chromosome 3q13.33, encodes a putative transmembrane receptor containing an immunoglobulin-like domain. We used a combination of autozygosity mapping and candidate gene(More)
Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias (HSP) encompass a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by insidiously progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower extremities. We describe a consanguineous Saudi family segregating a complicated form of HSP in an autosomal recessive pattern. The two affected siblings(More)
PURPOSE Copy number variants are an important source of human genome diversity. The widespread distribution of hemizygous copy number variants in the DNA of healthy humans suggests that haploinsufficiency is largely tolerated. However, little is known about the extent to which corresponding nullizygosity (two-copy deletion) is similarly tolerated. METHODS(More)
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous disorder that includes individuals with manifestations ranging from primary amenorrhea to loss of menstrual function prior to age 40. POF presents as hypergonadotropic hypogonadism and can be part of a syndrome or occur in isolation. Here, we studied 3 sisters with primary(More)
Hearing loss is one of the most common sensory disorders in humans and has a genetic cause in 50% of the cases. Our recent studies indicate that nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL) in the Saudi Arabian population is genetically heterogeneous and is not caused by mutations in GJB2 and GJB6, the most common genes for deafness in various populations worldwide.(More)
PURPOSE Usher syndrome (USH) is an autosomal recessive disorder divided into three distinct clinical subtypes based on the severity of the hearing loss, manifestation of vestibular dysfunction, and the age of onset of retinitis pigmentosa and visual symptoms. To date, mutations in seven different genes have been reported to cause USH type 1 (USH1), the most(More)
Cosegregation of markers on chromosome 5q12.3-q14.1 with profound congenital deafness in two Pakistani families (PKDF041 and PKDF141) defines a new recessive deafness locus, DFNB49. A maximum two-point lod score of 4.44 and 5.94 at recombination fraction theta=0 was obtained for markers D5S2055 and D5S424 in families PKDF041 and PKDF141, respectively.(More)