Learn More
The inner ear has fluid-filled compartments of different ionic compositions, including the endolymphatic and perilymphatic spaces of the organ of Corti; the separation from one another by epithelial barriers is required for normal hearing. TRIC encodes tricellulin, a recently discovered tight-junction (TJ) protein that contributes to the structure and(More)
Hearing impairment is the common human sensorineural disorder and is a genetically heterogeneous phenotype for which more than 100 genomic loci have been mapped so far. ILDR1 located on chromosome 3q13.33, encodes a putative transmembrane receptor containing an immunoglobulin-like domain. We used a combination of autozygosity mapping and candidate gene(More)
We identified a homozygous missense mutation (c.196G-->T) in fibroblast growth factor 3 (FGF3) in 21 affected individuals from a large extended consanguineous Saudi family, phenotypically characterized by autosomal recessive syndromic congenital sensorineural deafness, microtia and microdontia. All affected family members are descendents of a common(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder. Patients with MCPH exhibit reduced occipito-frontal head circumference and non-progressive intellectual disability. To date, 17 genes have been known as an underlying cause of MCPH in humans. ASPM (abnormal spindle-like, microcephaly(More)
Donnai-Barrow syndrome (DBS; MIM 222448) is characterized by typical craniofacial anomalies (major hypertelorism with bulging eyes), high grade myopia, deafness and low molecular weight proteinuria. The disorder results from mutations in the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 2 gene LRP2 that maps to chromosome 2q31.1. LRP2 encodes megalin, a(More)
Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias (HSP) encompass a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by insidiously progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower extremities. We describe a consanguineous Saudi family segregating a complicated form of HSP in an autosomal recessive pattern. The two affected siblings(More)
PURPOSE Copy number variants are an important source of human genome diversity. The widespread distribution of hemizygous copy number variants in the DNA of healthy humans suggests that haploinsufficiency is largely tolerated. However, little is known about the extent to which corresponding nullizygosity (two-copy deletion) is similarly tolerated. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Most autosomal recessive diseases are rare, but they collectively account for a substantial proportion of disease burden, especially in consanguineous populations. Estimation of this disease burden, however, is hampered by many factors, including lack of countrywide registries. Establishing carrier frequency can be a practical surrogate to(More)