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Indium tin oxide (ITO) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) anti-reflective coatings (ARCs) were deposited on a (100) P-type monocrystalline Si substrate by a radio-frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering. Polycrystalline ITO and anatase TiO2 films were obtained at room temperature (RT). The thickness of ITO (60 to 64 nm) and TiO2 (55 to 60 nm) films was optimized,(More)
Magnetic phenomena at the atomic scale were discovered in the early twentieth century, whereas the discovery of the first known magnetic material (Fe 3 O 4) revolutionized the field of magnetism. The magnetic properties of a material depend on temperature, the applied magnetic field, and pressure. A change in these variables will result in the existence of(More)
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