Khrishen Cunnusamy

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Aquatic photosynthetic organisms such as the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii respond to low-CO(2) conditions by inducing a CO(2) concentrating mechanism (CCM). Important components of the CCM are the carbonic anhydrases (CAs), zinc metalloenzymes that catalyze the interconversion of CO(2) and HCO(-)(3). Six CAs have previously been identified in C.(More)
PURPOSE Expansion of the intronic CTG18.1 triplet repeat locus within TCF4 contributes significant risk to the development of Fuchs' endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) in Eurasian populations, but the mechanisms by which the expanded repeats result in degeneration of the endothelium have been hitherto unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine FECD(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated demyelinating disease of the CNS, and CD8 T cells are the predominant T cell population in MS lesions. Given that transfer of CNS-specific CD8 T cells results in an attenuated clinical demyelinating disease in C57BL/6 mice with immunization-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), we investigated(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Although its etiology remains unknown, pathogenic T cells are thought to underlie MS immune pathology. We recently showed that MS patients harbor CNS-specific CD8+ Tregs that are deficient during disease relapse. We now demonstrate that CNS-specific CD8+(More)
Daily administration of FDA-approved glatiramer acetate (GA) has beneficial effects on clinical course of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Although mechanisms of GA-action have been widely investigated and partially understood, immediate immune dynamics following GA-therapy are unknown. In the present study, we characterized the immediate(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the antigenic determinants and specific molecular requirements for the generation of autoregulatory neuroantigen-specific CD8(+) T cells in models of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS We have previously shown that MOG35-55-specific CD8(+) T cells suppress experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in the C57BL/6 model. In this(More)
Th1 CD4+ cells are believed to be the primary mediators of corneal allograft rejection. However, rejection of fully allogeneic C57BL/6 corneal allografts soared from 50% to 90% in both interferon-gamma (IFN-γ)(-/-) and anti-IFN-γ-treated BALB/c mice. In contrast, similar deficits in IFN-γ in BALB/c hosts enhanced immune privilege of BALB.B (minor(More)
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii possesses a CO(2)-concentrating mechanism (CCM) that allows the alga to grow at low CO(2) concentrations. One common feature seen in photosynthetic organisms possessing a CCM is the tight packaging of Rubisco within the cell. In many eukaryotic algae, Rubisco is localized to the pyrenoid, an electron-dense structure within the(More)
Corneal transplantation is the oldest, most common, and arguably the most successful form of organ transplantation. In uncomplicated first-time cases, corneal allografts enjoy a success rate of up to 90% even though the transplants are performed without HLA matching or the use of systemic immunosuppressive drugs. In rodents, corneal allografts transplanted(More)
A pharmaceutical composition composed of several traditional Chinese medicines is claimed to treat age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This represents a novel and alternative therapeutic solution for wet AMD, with the potential advantage of treating both the symptoms and the underlying causes of this devastating degenerative retinal disease.