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OBJECTIVES To evaluate strategies for thermodilution-based measurement of cardiac output and right ventricular (RV) ejection fraction and to assess the effects of controlled mechanical ventilation in patients. Furthermore, to compare strategy-associated reproducibility with reference values obtained during long-term apnea. DESIGN Crossover trial in(More)
Spinal cord injury is very complicated, as there are factors in the body that inhibit its repair. Although regeneration of the mammalian central nervous system (CNS) was once thought to be impossible, studies over the past two decades have shown that axonal growth after spinal cord injury can occur when provided with the correct substratum. Traditionally,(More)
OBJECTIVE In burned patients, activation of the complement and clotting systems is suggested to play an important role in the development of the capillary leak syndrome and inflammatory tissue destruction. In an animal model of thermal trauma, the possible protective effect of C1 inhibitor (C1Inh), a major control protein of both the complement and clotting(More)
Devices for modern heart support are minimized to reduce priming blood volume and contact area with foreign surfaces. Their flow fields are partly governed by very high velocity gradients. In order to investigate blood damage, porcine and human blood was passed through a narrow Couette type shear gap applying defined high shear rates within the typical(More)
As already shown, a single bolus injection of heparin is sufficient to perform extracorporeal circulation (ECC) for long-term lung support if bioactive surfaces (HBS) are used. In the present study whether complete avoidance of systemic heparinization using HBS is possible was studied. Seven conscious sheep (50-60 kg) underwent venovenous bypass under(More)
Surface modification by functional groups promotes endothelialization in biohybrid artificial lungs, but whether it affects endothelial cell stability under fluid shear stress, and the release of anti-thrombotic factors, e.g. nitric oxide (NO), is unknown. We aimed to test whether surface-modified silicone tubes containing different functional groups, but(More)
Extracorporeal CO2 removal combined with low-frequency positive pressure ventilation (ECCO2-R LFPPV) is a new therapeutic approach in treatment of ARDS. The main problem during long-term extracorporeal support is anticoagulation and related bleeding problems. We conducted a prospective, randomized and controlled clinical trial in 18 patients to compare the(More)
Application of heparin bonded surfaces (HBS) in the extracorporeal circuit (ECC) might avoid or at least reduce conventional heparin administration and would be of great benefit, especially in long-term perfusion. In this study, six sheep had a veno-venous bypass using membrane oxygenators with either total HBS or, in a control group, with untreated(More)
Gabexate mesilate (GM), a synthetic serine protease inhibitor with a short half-life time of approx. 80 sec, was applied as the exclusive anticoagulant in small scale extracorporeal circulation in narcotized dogs and sheep. The animals underwent a veno-venous bypass. As the blood was drawn out of the femoral vein, GM was infused immediately into the(More)
PURPOSE In vitro clot-trapping capacity of 16 different caval filters should be evaluated under varying experimental conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS In a flow model simulating in vivo conditions (soft latex tube, dextran solution at 37 degrees C, pulsatile flow at a mean rate of 3 1/min) the efficiency of 16 caval filters was evaluated in horizontal and(More)