Khosrow Mottaghy

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Spinal cord injury is very complicated, as there are factors in the body that inhibit its repair. Although regeneration of the mammalian central nervous system (CNS) was once thought to be impossible, studies over the past two decades have shown that axonal growth after spinal cord injury can occur when provided with the correct substratum. Traditionally,(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate strategies for thermodilution-based measurement of cardiac output and right ventricular (RV) ejection fraction and to assess the effects of controlled mechanical ventilation in patients. Furthermore, to compare strategy-associated reproducibility with reference values obtained during long-term apnea. DESIGN Crossover trial in(More)
In vitro studies with miniaturized rotating circuits and heparinized human blood, as well as long-term extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with either heparin coated (HBS) or uncoated surfaces connected to adult sheep, were performed comparing the impact on complement activation in blood and on surfaces. Analysis of surface bound complement proteins(More)
Cytotoxicity tests are important for the screening and evaluation of biocompatibility of artificial organs. Morphologic changes of cells that were contacted biomaterials or biomaterial extracts indicate their toxicity. However, information on cytotoxic effects is still obtained by subjective visual inspection of microscopic samples. In this article, a novel(More)
Detectors based on ultrasonic principles are today's state of the art devices to detect gaseous bubbles that may be present in extracorporeal circuits (ECC) for various reasons. Referring to theoretical considerations and other studies, it also seems possible to use this technology to measure the size of detected bubbles, thus offering the chance to(More)
OBJECTIVE In burned patients, activation of the complement and clotting systems is suggested to play an important role in the development of the capillary leak syndrome and inflammatory tissue destruction. In an animal model of thermal trauma, the possible protective effect of C1 inhibitor (C1Inh), a major control protein of both the complement and clotting(More)
Devices for modern heart support are minimized to reduce priming blood volume and contact area with foreign surfaces. Their flow fields are partly governed by very high velocity gradients. In order to investigate blood damage, porcine and human blood was passed through a narrow Couette type shear gap applying defined high shear rates within the typical(More)
As already shown, a single bolus injection of heparin is sufficient to perform extracorporeal circulation (ECC) for long-term lung support if bioactive surfaces (HBS) are used. In the present study whether complete avoidance of systemic heparinization using HBS is possible was studied. Seven conscious sheep (50-60 kg) underwent venovenous bypass under(More)
PURPOSE In vitro clot-trapping capacity of 16 different caval filters should be evaluated under varying experimental conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS In a flow model simulating in vivo conditions (soft latex tube, dextran solution at 37 degrees C, pulsatile flow at a mean rate of 3 1/min) the efficiency of 16 caval filters was evaluated in horizontal and(More)
BACKGROUND Artificial organs, implants and extracorporeal circulation affect the physiological flow characteristics of blood as a liquid organ. These artificial systems consist of a wide variety of biomaterials with different geometries and, therefore, with their own flow properties. Secondary flow also occurs in extra--as well as in intracorporeal(More)