Khosrow Mottaghy

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Spinal cord injury is very complicated, as there are factors in the body that inhibit its repair. Although regeneration of the mammalian central nervous system (CNS) was once thought to be impossible, studies over the past two decades have shown that axonal growth after spinal cord injury can occur when provided with the correct substratum. Traditionally,(More)
Devices for modern heart support are minimized to reduce priming blood volume and contact area with foreign surfaces. Their flow fields are partly governed by very high velocity gradients. In order to investigate blood damage, porcine and human blood was passed through a narrow Couette type shear gap applying defined high shear rates within the typical(More)
OBJECTIVE In burned patients, activation of the complement and clotting systems is suggested to play an important role in the development of the capillary leak syndrome and inflammatory tissue destruction. In an animal model of thermal trauma, the possible protective effect of C1 inhibitor (C1Inh), a major control protein of both the complement and clotting(More)
Surface modification by functional groups promotes endothelialization in biohybrid artificial lungs, but whether it affects endothelial cell stability under fluid shear stress, and the release of anti-thrombotic factors, e.g. nitric oxide (NO), is unknown. We aimed to test whether surface-modified silicone tubes containing different functional groups, but(More)
BACKGROUND Artificial organs, implants and extracorporeal circulation affect the physiological flow characteristics of blood as a liquid organ. These artificial systems consist of a wide variety of biomaterials with different geometries and, therefore, with their own flow properties. Secondary flow also occurs in extra--as well as in intracorporeal(More)
To test the effects of C1-esterase inhibitor in scald burns on bacterial translocation and intestinal damage, standardized deep partial-thickness burns were inflicted on domestic pigs, scalding 30% of the skin surface for 25 s with 75 degrees C hot water. The animals (n = 17; weight 25-35 kg) were divided into three groups: I) the control group (n = 5)(More)
In vitro studies with miniaturized rotating circuits and heparinized human blood, as well as long-term extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with either heparin coated (HBS) or uncoated surfaces connected to adult sheep, were performed comparing the impact on complement activation in blood and on surfaces. Analysis of surface bound complement proteins(More)
A limiting factor in using microporous capillary membrane oxygenators (CMO) for long-term extracorporeal lung support is leakage. Application of heparin-coated CMO requires additional examination because leakage is probably caused by the temperature conditions of the gas, the blood and the circuit environment, and the surface tension phenomenon at the(More)
Hirudin serves as an alternative anticoagulant for extracorporeal blood circulation. Comparing anticoagulation with hirudin (2.5 or 5.0 microg/mL) and heparin (2.0 or 4.0 IU/mL) human blood was circulated in a modified 'Chandler System' using PVC-tubes for 2 hours at 37 degrees C. Activation of coagulation (thrombin-antithrombin III-complex, prothrombin(More)
A system for automatic quantification of morphological changes of cell lines, proposed for cytotoxicity tests of biomaterials, is presented. Light-micrographs of cultured cells are segmented by adaptive thresholding within a local adaptive window. Connected cells in binarized micrographs are separated by a novel morphological multiscale method, treating(More)