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Acute subcutaneous administration of lower doses of morphine (0.5, 1 and 3 mg/kg) increase the threshold of seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) in mice, whereas higher doses of morphine (15, 30 and 60 mg/kg) have proconvulsant effects. The effect of systemic administration of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester(More)
Changes in vascular responsiveness are proposed as the basis for some of the cardiovascular complications in cholestasis. Cholestasis is also associated with accumulation of endogenous opioid peptides and evidence of overproduction of nitric oxide (NO). The possible role of NO or opioid system in cholestasis-induced mesenteric vascular bed responsiveness(More)
We tested the hypothesis that TREK-1, a two-pore domain K channel, is involved with dilations in arteries. Because there are no selective activators or inhibitors of TREK-1, we generated a mouse line deficient in TREK-1. Endothelium-mediated dilations were not different in arteries from wild-type (WT) and TREK-1 knockout (KO) mice. This includes dilations(More)
Cyclosporin A is known to decrease nitric oxide (NO) production in nervous tissues. The effects of systemic cyclosporine A on the induction and expression of morphine tolerance and dependence, acute morphine-induced antinociception, and the probable involvement of the L-arginine/nitric oxide pathway in these effects were assessed in mice. Cyclosporin A (20(More)
TWIK-2, a member of the Two-Pore Domain K channel family, is expressed in a number of mammalian tissues including the vascular system. The function of TWIK-2 is not known. The purpose of this study was to clone the TWIK-2 channel from the rat middle cerebral artery, express it in CHO cells, and characterize the channel's electrical properties. In light of(More)
Endogenous opioids have nitric oxide (NO)-dependent cardiovascular actions. In the light of biological evidence of accumulation of endogenous opioids in cholestasis and also existence of NO-dependent bradycardia in cholestatic subjects, this study was carried out to evaluate the role of endogenous opioids in the generation of bradycardia in a rat model of(More)
FK506 is an immunophilin-binding ligand that inhibits calcineurin and decreases nitric oxide (NO) production in the nervous tissues. We examined the effects in mice of systemic treatment with FK506 on the induction and expression of morphine (s.c.) tolerance and dependence and compared them with the effects of the non-specific NO synthase inhibitor,(More)
Immunophilin ligands, cyclosporine A and FK506 (tacrolimus), besides their immunosuppressive action, have several effects on different neural functions, such as modulation of the release of many neurotransmitters, the reduction of nitric oxide (NO) production by the inhibition of dephosphorylation of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and the alteration(More)
Based on our previous finding that chronic lithium treatment reduced naloxone-precipitated withdrawal syndrome in morphine-treated mice, the effect of chronic lithium treatment was evaluated on the development of dependence to clonidine. Dependence was induced by injection of either morphine (50, 50 and 75 mg/kg, intraperitoneally with 3 hr interval for 3(More)
Heme oxygenase-2 (HO-2) has been suggested to be a cytoprotective enzyme in a variety of in vivo experimental models. HO-2, the constitutive isozyme, is enriched in neurons and, under normal conditions, accounts for nearly all of brain HO activity. HO-2 deletion (HO-2-/-) leads to increased neurotoxicity in cultured brain cells and increased damage(More)