Khodadad Namiranian

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We tested the hypothesis that TREK-1, a two-pore domain K channel, is involved with dilations in arteries. Because there are no selective activators or inhibitors of TREK-1, we generated a mouse line deficient in TREK-1. Endothelium-mediated dilations were not different in arteries from wild-type (WT) and TREK-1 knockout (KO) mice. This includes dilations(More)
Acute inflammation impairs vascular function. Based on the association between endothelial dysfunction and plasma concentrations of L-arginine and the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor ADMA (asymmetrical dimethylarginine), we hypothesized that the ratio between L-arginine and ADMA could be affected by experimental inflammation. Plasma(More)
Acute subcutaneous administration of lower doses of morphine (0.5, 1 and 3 mg/kg) increase the threshold of seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) in mice, whereas higher doses of morphine (15, 30 and 60 mg/kg) have proconvulsant effects. The effect of systemic administration of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester(More)
1. Our previous report showed that in acute cholestasis, the subsensitivity to morphine inhibitory effect on electrical-stimulated contractions develops significantly faster in guinea-pig ileum (GPI) and in mouse vas deferens (MVD) (45.2 and 29.9 times, respectively) compared with non-cholestatic subjects. 2. The possible contribution of alpha2-adrenoceptor(More)
Low level exposure to lead increases blood pressure in human and rats. In this study, we investigated the contribution of the nitric oxide (NO) and cyclooxygenase pathways of aortic rings of 28-day lead-treated and control rats, to the responsiveness to phenylephrine and acetylcholine. There were no differences in phenylephrine contractions between the two(More)
FK506 is an immunophilin-binding ligand that inhibits calcineurin and decreases nitric oxide (NO) production in the nervous tissues. We examined the effects in mice of systemic treatment with FK506 on the induction and expression of morphine (s.c.) tolerance and dependence and compared them with the effects of the non-specific NO synthase inhibitor,(More)
Changes in vascular responsiveness are proposed as the basis for some of the cardiovascular complications in cholestasis. Cholestasis is also associated with accumulation of endogenous opioid peptides and evidence of overproduction of nitric oxide (NO). The possible role of NO or opioid system in cholestasis-induced mesenteric vascular bed responsiveness(More)
Cyclosporin A is known to decrease nitric oxide (NO) production in nervous tissues. The effects of systemic cyclosporine A on the induction and expression of morphine tolerance and dependence, acute morphine-induced antinociception, and the probable involvement of the L-arginine/nitric oxide pathway in these effects were assessed in mice. Cyclosporin A (20(More)
Cyclopentenone prostaglandins (cyPGs) are a subfamily of prostaglandins that are characterized by the cyclopentenone ring in their structure. They exert their effect after active transportation into the cell, probably by interacting with cellular target proteins or DNA sequences. The cyPGs have anti-inflammatory activities, especially important during the(More)
Intraluminal occlusion of the middle cerebral artery in rodents is widely used for investigating cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury. Two types of filaments used for occlusion were tested in terms of surgical success, incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage, and mortality: a standard 6-0 monofilament coated with methyl methacrylate glue (rigid probe) and(More)