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Plasma sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings on titanium alloy substrate have been used extensively due to their excellent biocompatibility and osteoconductivity. However, the erratic bond strength between HA and Ti alloy has raised concern over the long-term reliability of the implant. In this paper, HA/yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ)/Ti-6Al-4V composite(More)
Hydroxyapatite (HA) is synthesized by a wet chemical route using calcium hydroxide and ortho-phosphoric acid at various temperatures (40, 80, and 100 degrees C). X-ray diffraction of the precipitate particles revealed HA as the predominant phase (>99%) with a small amount of beta-tricalcium phosphate. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicated the(More)
The in vitro behaviour and characteristics of plasma sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings using flame-spheroidized HA feedstock powder on titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) substrates were investigated in a simulated physiological environment as an attempt to reflect the actual incubational condition of an implant in a human body system. As-sprayed and heat-treated(More)
The bioactivity of plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA)/Ti-6Al-4V composite coatings was studied by soaking the coatings in simulated body fluid (SBF) for up to 8 weeks. This investigation was aimed at elucidating the biological behaviour of plasma-sprayed HA/Ti-6Al-4V composite coatings by analyzing the changes in chemistry, and crystallinity of the(More)
Porous NiTi with an average porosity of 55 vol % and a general pore size of 100-600 microm was synthesized by self-propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS) with the addition of mechanically alloyed nanocrystalline Ni-Ti as the reaction agent. The SHS of porous NiTi using elemental powders was also performed for comparison. To enhance the bioactivity of(More)
Hydroxyapatite (HA) and its derived bioceramic materials have been widely used for skeletal implants and/or bone repair scaffolds. It has been reported that carbon nanotube (CNT) is able to enhance the brittle ceramic matrix without detrimental to the bioactivity. However, interaction between osteoblasts and these bioceramics, as well as the underlying(More)
Control of competing parameters such as thermoelectric (TE) power and electrical and thermal conductivities is essential for the high performance of thermoelectric materials. Bulk-nanocomposite materials have shown a promising improvement in the TE performance due to poor thermal conductivity and charge carrier filtering by interfaces and grain boundaries.(More)
The influence of crystallization, upon heat treatment, on the properties of high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings was investigated. The characterization of the HA coating was performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC) was employed to determine(More)
The use of synthetic hydroxyapatite as bone substitute calls for the knowledge of the influence on adjacent cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the proteins with differential protein expression levels in the proteome of human osteoblast cell line incubated separately with various nano sized hydroxyapatite powders with different shapes and(More)
Polyetheretherketone-hydroxyapatite composites were developed as alternative materials for load-bearing orthopedic applications. The amount of hydroxyapatite (HA) incorporated into the polyetheretherketone (PEEK) polymer matrix ranges from 5 to 40 vol% and these materials were successfully fabricated by injection molding. This study presents the mechanical(More)