Kheira S Jolin-Dahel

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PURPOSE Normal gut muscular function depends on the coordinated activity of both the enteric nervous system (ENS) and the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). Hirschsprung's disease (HD) has long been considered a purely neuronal deficit but recent data point to abnormalities in ICC in the proximal ganglionated HD colon. We examined the labeling of ICC and(More)
OBJECTIVES International trends in incidence and outcomes of biliary atresia (BA) are controversial and a wide range of estimates have been reported worldwide. We reviewed the population-based literature to assess international variation of BA incidence and outcomes, and to assess the evidence for seasonal variation in incidence, centralization of Kasai(More)
Dissociated neuronal cultures of various brain regions are commonly used to study physiological and pathophysiological processes in vitro. The data derived from these studies are often viewed to have relevance to processes taking place in the mature brain. However, due to the practical challenges associated with lengthy neuronal culture, neurons are often(More)
In addition to the well-characterized direct and indirect projection neurons there are four major interneuron types in the striatum. Three contain GABA and either parvalbumin, calretinin or NOS/NPY/somatostatin. The fourth is cholinergic. It might be assumed that dissociated cell cultures of striatum (typically from embryonic day E18.5 in rat and E14.5 for(More)
BACKGROUND Normal gut motility relies on the complex interaction between the interstitial cell of Cajal (ICC) and the enteric nerve networks. Inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract adversely affects both ICC and enteric nerves. We aimed to determine the distribution of ICC and nerve networks in patients with appendicitis. METHODS Specimens from(More)
Background. Parenteral nutrition (PN) is an effective method of nourishing the neonate who is unable to receive full enteral feeds. Cholestasis can be a complication of PN and can lead to severe liver damage. Aim. We describe our patient population and determine risk factors for developing PN cholestasis. Methods. Retrospective chart review of newborns(More)
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