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The anaerobic thermophilic bacterium, Clostridium thermocellum, is a potent cellulolytic microorganism that produces large extracellular multienzyme complexes called cellulosomes. To isolate C. thermocellum organisms that possess effective cellulose-degrading ability, new thermophilic cellulolytic strains were screened from more than 800 samples obtained(More)
An alkaliphilic bacterium, Bacillus sp. strain K-1, produces extracellular xylanolytic enzymes such as xylanases, beta-xylosidase, arabinofuranosidase, and acetyl esterase when grown in xylan medium. One of the extracellular xylanases that is stable in an alkaline state was purified to homogeneity by affinity adsorption-desorption on insoluble xylan. The(More)
A facultatively anaerobic bacterium, Paenibacillus curdlanolyticus B-6, isolated from an anaerobic digester produces an extracellular xylanolytic-cellulolytic enzyme system containing xylanase, beta-xylosidase, arabinofuranosidase, acetyl esterase, mannanase, carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase), avicelase, cellobiohydrolase, beta-glucosidase, amylase, and(More)
Paenibacillus curdlanolyticus B-6 showed effective degradation activities for xylan and cellulose and produced an extracellular multienzyme complex (approximately 1,450 kDa) containing several xylanases and cellulases. To characterize the multienzyme complex, we purified the complex from culture supernatants by four kind of chromatography. The purified(More)
Paenibacillus curdlanolyticus B-6 Xyn10D is a xylanase containing a family 3 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM3). Biochemical analyses using recombinant proteins derived from Xyn10D suggested that the CBM3 polypeptide has an affinity for cellulose and xylan and that CBM3 in Xyn10D is important for hydrolysis of insoluble arabinoxylan and natural biomass.
The nucleotide sequence of the Paenibacillus curdlanolyticus B-6 xyn10A gene, encoding a xylanase Xyn10A, consists of 3,828 nucleotides encoding a protein of 1,276 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 142,726 Da. Sequence analysis indicated that Xyn10A is a multidomain enzyme comprising nine domains in the following order: three family 22(More)
A multienzyme complex, cellulosome, of the facultatively anaerobic bacterium, Paenibacillus curdlanolyticus B-6 was produced on microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel) under aerobic conditions. During growth on Avicel, the bacterial cells were found to be capable of adhesion to Avicel by scanning electron microscopic (SEM) analysis. The multienzyme complex of(More)
The effect of polymeric substances such as alpha-cellulose, birchwood xylan, corn hull, and sugarcane bagasse, and of soluble sugars such as L-arabinose, D-galactose, D-glucose, D-xylose, and cellobiose, on the induction of multienzyme complexes in a facultatively anaerobic bacterium, Paenibacillus curdlanolyticus B-6, was investigated under aerobic(More)
The ability to rapidly respond to nutrient changes is a fundamental requirement for cell survival. Here, we show that the zinc cluster regulator Znf1 responds to altered nutrient signals following glucose starvation through the direct control of genes involved in non-fermentative metabolism, including those belonged to the central pathways of(More)
A cellulolytic and xylanolytic enzyme complex-producing alkalothermoanaerobacterium strain, Tepidimicrobium xylanilyticum BT14 is described. The cell was Gram-positive, rod-shaped and endospore-forming. Based on 16S rRNA gene analysis and various lines of biochemical and physiological properties, the strain BT14 was a new member of the genus(More)