Khan M. Iftekharuddin

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In this paper we report the set-up and results of the Multimodal Brain Tumor Image Segmentation Benchmark (BRATS) organized in conjunction with the MICCAI 2012 and 2013 conferences. Twenty state-of-the-art tumor segmentation algorithms were applied to a set of 65 multi-contrast MR scans of low- and high-grade glioma patients-manually annotated by up to four(More)
Algorithms for computer-aided diagnosis of dementia based on structural MRI have demonstrated high performance in the literature, but are difficult to compare as different data sets and methodology were used for evaluation. In addition, it is unclear how the algorithms would perform on previously unseen data, and thus, how they would perform in clinical(More)
The purpose of this study is to discuss existing fractal-based algorithms and propose novel improvements of these algorithms to identify tumors in brain magnetic-response (MR) images. Considerable research has been pursued on frac-tal geometry in various aspects of image analysis and pattern recognition. Magnetic-resonance images typically have a degree of(More)
Our previous works suggest that fractal texture feature is useful to detect pediatric brain tumor in multimodal MRI. In this study, we systematically investigate efficacy of using several different image features such as intensity, fractal texture, and level-set shape in segmentation of posterior-fossa (PF) tumor for pediatric patients. We explore(More)
In this work, we investigate the effectiveness of fusing two novel texture features along with intensity in multimodal magnetic resonance (MR) images for pediatric brain tumor segmentation and classification. One of the two texture features involves our Piecewise-Triangular-Prism-Surface-Area (PTPSA) algorithm for fractal feature extraction. The other(More)
Perceptual approaches have been widely used in many areas of visual information processing. This paper presents an overview of perceptual based approaches for image enhancement, segmentation and coding. The paper also provides a brief review of image quality assessment (IQA) methods, which are used to evaluate the performance of visual information(More)
A stochastic model for characterizing tumor texture in brain magnetic resonance (MR) images is proposed. The efficacy of the model is demonstrated in patient-independent brain tumor texture feature extraction and tumor segmentation in magnetic resonance images (MRIs). Due to complex appearance in MRI, brain tumor texture is formulated using a(More)
We investigate the use of fractal analysis (FA) as the basis of a system for multiclass prediction of the progression of glaucoma. FA is applied to pseudo two-dimensional images converted from one-dimensional retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) data obtained from the eyes of normal subjects, and from subjects with progressive and non-progressive glaucoma. FA(More)