Khan M. Iftekharuddin

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In this paper we report the set-up and results of the Multimodal Brain Tumor Image Segmentation Benchmark (BRATS) organized in conjunction with the MICCAI 2012 and 2013 conferences. Twenty state-of-the-art tumor segmentation algorithms were applied to a set of 65 multi-contrast MR scans of low- and high-grade glioma patients-manually annotated by up to four(More)
Algorithms for computer-aided diagnosis of dementia based on structural MRI have demonstrated high performance in the literature, but are difficult to compare as different data sets and methodology were used for evaluation. In addition, it is unclear how the algorithms would perform on previously unseen data, and thus, how they would perform in clinical(More)
The feasibility of using Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) sensor nodes is studied in a distributed network, aiming at dynamic surveillance and tracking of ground targets. Data acquisition by low-cost (<$50 US) miniature low-power radar through a wireless mote is described. We demonstrate the detection, ranging and velocity estimation, classification and(More)
In this work, we investigate the effectiveness of fusing two novel texture features along with intensity in multimodal magnetic resonance (MR) images for pediatric brain tumor segmentation and classification. One of the two texture features involves our Piecewise-Triangular-Prism-Surface-Area (PTPSA) algorithm for fractal feature extraction. The other(More)
The purpose of this study is to discuss existing fractal-based algorithms and propose novel improvements of these algorithms to identify tumors in brain magnetic-response (MR) images. Considerable research has been pursued on frac-tal geometry in various aspects of image analysis and pattern recognition. Magnetic-resonance images typically have a degree of(More)
Our previous works suggest that fractal texture feature is useful to detect pediatric brain tumor in multimodal MRI. In this study, we systematically investigate efficacy of using several different image features such as intensity, fractal texture, and level-set shape in segmentation of posterior-fossa (PF) tumor for pediatric patients. We explore(More)
A stochastic model for characterizing tumor texture in brain magnetic resonance (MR) images is proposed. The efficacy of the model is demonstrated in patient-independent brain tumor texture feature extraction and tumor segmentation in magnetic resonance images (MRIs). Due to complex appearance in MRI, brain tumor texture is formulated using a(More)
Transformation invariant automatic target recognition (ATR) has been an active research area due to its widespread applications in defense, robotics, medical imaging and geographic scene analysis. The primary goal for this paper is to obtain an on-line ATR system for targets in presence of image transformations, such as rotation, translation, scale and(More)
High-resolution satellite imagery is considered an excellent candidate for extracting information about the human activities on Earth. The information about residential development and suburban area mapping is of interest that can be obtained from these images. Shadow of structures such as man-made buildings is one of the main cues for structure detection(More)
We investigate the use of fractal analysis (FA) as the basis of a system for multiclass prediction of the progression of glaucoma. FA is applied to pseudo two-dimensional images converted from one-dimensional retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) data obtained from the eyes of normal subjects, and from subjects with progressive and non-progressive glaucoma. FA(More)