Khalil Rouibi

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The opiate withdrawal syndrome is a severe stressor that powerfully triggers addictive drug intake. However, no treatment yet exists that effectively relieves opiate withdrawal distress and spares stress-coping abilities. The corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) system mediates the stress response, but its role in opiate withdrawal distress and bodily(More)
In drug-dependent individuals, the primary excessive motivation is for drugs. Studies also indicate altered interest for “natural” rewarding activities associated with motivational disorders that may be relevant to drug dependence. However, to date, the impact of drug dependence and withdrawal upon motivation for “natural” rewards remains unclear. In the(More)
Altered motivational processes are key features of drug dependence and withdrawal, yet their neural mechanisms remain largely unknown. The present study shows that genetic disruption of the corticotropin-releasing factor receptor-2 (CRF₂-/-) does not impair motivation for palatable food in drug-naïve mice. However, CRF₂ receptor-deficiency effectively(More)
The present study was aimed at characterizing the mechanisms by which neurotensin (NT) is acting within the ventral midbrain to induce a psychostimulant-like effect. In a first experiment, we determine which subtype(s) of NT receptors is/are involved in the reward-inducing effect of ventral midbrain microinjection of NT using the conditioned(More)
Vulnerability to stressful life events is a hallmark of drug dependence that may persist long after cessation of drug intake and dramatically fuel key clinical features, such as deregulated up-shifted motivational states and craving. However, to date, no effective therapy is available for reducing vulnerability to stressful events in former drug users and(More)
Previous studies have shown that repeated central injections of neurotensin, or its active analog, D-Tyr([11])neurotensin, sensitize to the locomotor stimulant effect of amphetamine. The development of sensitization to amphetamine can be modulated by contextual stimuli associated with the drug and as a consequence the expression of sensitization becomes(More)
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