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Resting cells and growing cells of bifidobacteria strains exhibited an ability to remove cholesterol in the presence of bile salts. In resting cell assays, the removed cholesterol was precipitated in the presence of cholic acid at pH values lower than 5.4. However, this precipitated cholesterol was redissolved when the pellets were washed with phosphate(More)
To determine the conditions of cholesterol assimilation, various strains of Bifidobacterium species were cultured in the presence of cholesterol and bile salts. During culturing, Bifidobacterium breve ATCC 15700 assimilates cholesterol in the presence of oxgall at pH values lower than 6. This strain was selected to study the influence of conjugated(More)
A combined approach based on a multisensor system to get additional chemical information from liquid samples through the analysis of the solution and its headspace is illustrated and commented. In the present work, innovative analytical techniques, such as a hybrid e-nose and a voltammetric e-tongue were elaborated to differentiate between different(More)
There are many important challenges related to food security analysis by application of chemical and electrochemical sensors. One critical parameter is the development of reliable tools, capable of performing an overall sensory analysis. In these systems, as much information as possible is required in relation to smell, taste and colour. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND In this paper, different extra-virgin and virgin olive oils samples from different Portuguese markets were studied. For this purpose, a voltammetric electronic tongue (VE-tongue), consisting of two kinds of working electrodes within the array, together with physico-chemical analysis and headspace gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry(More)
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