Khalid Rafique

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The recent decade has seen a tremendous change in the communication landscape; a transition from a closed walled garden communication industry to an open vibrant ICT ecosystem. Unlike the conventional closed model PSTN and broadcasting industries, the new ICT ecosystem exhibits an open architecture for converged communication services such as voice, video(More)
BACKGROUND Sympathetic response associated with laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation is recognised as a potential cause for a number of complications especially in hypertensive patients. Various methods have been used to attenuate these haemodynamic responses; however most of the studies are in normotensive patients. The aim of our study was to compare(More)
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