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For a list of any errors or omissions found subsequent to printing, please visit our website at Foreword The 2014 Human Development Report— Sustaining Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience—looks at two concepts which are both interconnected and immensely important to securing human development progress. Since the United Nations(More)
We report the successful use of water-cooled radiofrequency where more traditional forms of neuroablation-conventional and pulsed radiofrequency-had failed to achieve adequate pain relief. We also discuss the mechanism of neural damage with water cooled radiofrequency and discuss why this technique may have a broader role in the management of a wide array(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Pain innate to intervertebral disc, often referred to as discogenic pain, is suspected by some authors to be the major source of chronic low back and neck pain. Current management of suspected discogenic pain lacks standardized diagnosis, treatment, and terminology. PURPOSE In an attempt to determine whether patterns existed that may(More)
Application of radiofrequency currents to the dorsal root ganglia, in the treatment of various pain syndromes, has been clinically practiced for more than 30 yr. The clinical efficacy and the safety of this technique, however, remain poorly understood. The authors reviewed the literature on this modality of pain relief to determine its clinical efficacy,(More)
OBJECTIVE A patient with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) did not respond to medications, either singly or in combination, or to intrathecal methylprednisolone but responded to intrathecal alcohol. This evidenced-based case management article evaluates and grades the evidence for the prevention and treatment of PHN. METHODS A search of published(More)
Acknowledgements We warmly acknowledge the contribution of many colleagues and co-workers who participated in the update of the MPI in 2011. In particular, we are grateful to our colleagues at the HDRO and UNDP for their substantive engagement and particularly to Jeni Klugman, Milorad Kovacevic, Khalid Malik, and Emma Samman. We are grateful for competent(More)
Ubiquitous proliferation of mobile devices calls for context aware services, considering location and time attribute simultaneously, in large area networks. Community system has been proposed to meet the varying requirements of users. This paper deals with provision of service assurance by letting each node autonomously decide the threshold value to(More)