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OBJECTIVES To determine national adult immunization rates for influenza and pneumonia and assess the effect of various predisposing factors on immunization status for both diseases. DESIGN Retrospective, cross-sectional, random national sample data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 1999 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System(More)
This study examined the association between stage of change and smoking cessation outcomes among youth receiving two interventions of varying intensity: a 10-min brief self-help smoking cessation intervention (BI) or the American Lung Association's 10-week, Not-on-Tobacco (N-O-T) smoking cessation program. At baseline, the participants were classified into(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, representing 16% of all female cancers. According to the American Cancer Society, long-term cancer survival is defined as more than five years of survivorship since diagnosis, with approximately 2.5 million breast cancer survivors (BCS) in 2006. The long-term effects from breast cancer and its(More)
SETTING Karachi and Hyderabad, Pakistan. OBJECTIVE To describe the level and quality of tuberculosis (TB) case management by non-TB control program (TCP) physicians in urban Sindh, Pakistan. DESIGN We interviewed 152 adults with pulmonary TB confirmed by Karachi's TB control program regarding the initial management of their TB symptoms before entering(More)
OBJECTIVES To conduct a follow-up to the National Pharmacist Immunization Survey of 1998 to determine changes in pharmacist involvement in immunizations and obstacles to pharmacy-based immunization services and to assess the descriptive information about pharmacy-based immunization services provided. DESIGN Cross-sectional mail survey. SETTING United(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus, as well as cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVES To evaluate demographic, diagnostic, and treatment characteristics of patients with concomitant hypertension and dyslipidemia, stratified by body mass index and the attainment of blood(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of ondansetron versus less expensive metoclopramide in the treatment of children with persistent vomiting with acute gastroenteritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS A double-blind trial including consecutive consented patients ages 1 to 14 years was conducted in an urban infirmary setting from June 2008 through December(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the cost-effectiveness of 3 treatments (tiotropium, salmeterol, and no treatment) in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS A Markov model with a time horizon of 1 year was developed. A hypothetical cohort of 100,000 subjects with moderate COPD with mean age of 65 years, smoking history of 50(More)
BACKGROUND Inhaled corticosteroids have been shown to reduce rates of hospitalization and emergency department use compared with leukotriene receptor antagonists. OBJECTIVE To examine differences in the probability of asthma-related hospitalizations, probability of switching or augmentin, with another therapy, and costs for patients treated with(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prescribing practices, laboratory monitoring protocols, and perceived barriers of United States rheumatologists in prescribing tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS A survey questionnaire was mailed to 1970 rheumatologists who were randomly selected from a national sample of 3008(More)