Khalid M. Kamal

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OBJECTIVES To determine national adult immunization rates for influenza and pneumonia and assess the effect of various predisposing factors on immunization status for both diseases. DESIGN Retrospective, cross-sectional, random national sample data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 1999 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System(More)
This study examined the association between stage of change and smoking cessation outcomes among youth receiving two interventions of varying intensity: a 10-min brief self-help smoking cessation intervention (BI) or the American Lung Association's 10-week, Not-on-Tobacco (N-O-T) smoking cessation program. At baseline, the participants were classified into(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, representing 16% of all female cancers. According to the American Cancer Society, long-term cancer survival is defined as more than five years of survivorship since diagnosis, with approximately 2.5 million breast cancer survivors (BCS) in 2006. The long-term effects from breast cancer and its(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past few decades, childhood obesity has become a major public health issue in the United States. Numerous public and professional organizations recommend that physicians periodically screen for obesity in children and adolescents using the body mass index (BMI). However, studies have shown that physicians infrequently measure BMI in(More)
BACKGROUND Essential to optimal diabetes care is the organization and management of complex clinical data. An EMR system can facilitate better management of clinical and clinical-related information by standardizing care and increasing the efficiency of delivering quality care to patients. However, studies have not described clinical characteristics of(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension and dyslipidemia are the most prevalent cardiovascular risk factors, with approximately 30 million patients in the United States having these concomitant conditions. Further, the presence of high body mass index (BMI) has a negative effect on the achievement of blood pressure (BP) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)(More)
SETTING Karachi and Hyderabad, Pakistan. OBJECTIVE To describe the level and quality of tuberculosis (TB) case management by non-TB control program (TCP) physicians in urban Sindh, Pakistan. DESIGN We interviewed 152 adults with pulmonary TB confirmed by Karachi's TB control program regarding the initial management of their TB symptoms before entering(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus, as well as cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVES To evaluate demographic, diagnostic, and treatment characteristics of patients with concomitant hypertension and dyslipidemia, stratified by body mass index and the attainment of blood(More)
OBJECTIVES To conduct a follow-up to the National Pharmacist Immunization Survey of 1998 to determine changes in pharmacist involvement in immunizations and obstacles to pharmacy-based immunization services and to assess the descriptive information about pharmacy-based immunization services provided. DESIGN Cross-sectional mail survey. SETTING United(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prescribing practices, laboratory monitoring protocols, and perceived barriers of United States rheumatologists in prescribing tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS A survey questionnaire was mailed to 1970 rheumatologists who were randomly selected from a national sample of 3008(More)