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Cell hybrids between malignant mouse hepatoma cells and normal rat fibroblasts with approximately one set of chromosomes from each parent exhibited remarkable karyotypic stability. Most chromosomes of both parents were retained even after prolonged culture in vitro. Normally, such hybrids showed suppression of the transformed phenotype and formed no(More)
We report here the assignment of TK1, the gene for thymidine kinase to Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) chromosome 9 (MAU9) by complementation mapping. Syrian hamster chromosomes derived from a wild type (TK+) subline of BHK cells were introduced via microcell-mediated chromosome transfer into B82 mouse cells deficient in thymidine kinase (TK-), a(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and other reactive nitrogen species target multiple sites in the mitochondria to influence cellular bioenergetics and survival. Kinetic imaging studies revealed that NO from either activated macrophages or donor compounds rapidly diffuses to the mitochondria, causing a dose-dependent progressive increase in NO-dependent DAF fluorescence,(More)
Although only a few DHFR inhibitors have progressed as antibiotics to the market there is much renewed interest in the discovery and development of new generation DHFR inhibitors as antibacterial agents. This article describes the success in exploiting DHFR as a drugable target as exemplified by trimethoprim (TMP) and the development of several new(More)
Iclaprim, a new selective dihydrofolate inhibitor was synthesized based on rational drug design. Iclaprim's interaction with a resistant Staphylococcus aureus dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is outlined in comparison to trimethoprim (TMP). This compound is active against methicillin, TMP and vancomycin resistant strains. Arpida Ltd. is developing Iclaprim(More)
We have previously shown that microcell-mediated transfer of a der(9)t(X;9) human chromosome (HSA), derived from human fibroblast strain GM0705, into the Syrian hamster cell line BHK-191-5C produced only near-tetraploid hybrids, although the recipient cell line contained a 1:1 ratio of near-diploid and near-tetraploid cells. However, the tumorigenicity and(More)
By microcell-mediated chromosome transfer to the malignant Syrian hamster cell line BHK-191-5C, we previously identified two suppressor functions on human chromosome 9 (HSA9), one for anchorage independence and another for tumorigenicity. However, the precise chromosomal locations of these suppressor functions were not determined. The present study was(More)
Cell fusion studies have demonstrated that malignancy can be suppressed by a single dose of malignancy suppressor genes (MSGs), indicating that malignancy is a recessive phenotype. Correspondingly, it is widely believed that mutational inactivation of both alleles of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs), in familial and sporadic tumors, is the formal proof of the(More)
The emerging genomic technologies and bioinformatics provide novel opportunities for studying life-threatening human pathogens and to develop new applications for the improvement of human and animal health and the prevention, treatment, and diagnosis of infections. Based on the ecology and population biology of pathogens and related organisms and their(More)